A brief history of the Juarez Cartel.
Created by insightcrime on Oct 24, 2010
Last updated: 08/14/12 at 08:26 AM
Tags: InSight Mexico Juarez Cartel
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Mexican authorities captured Benjamín Valeriano Jr., alias “Cachitas,” believed to be one of the leaders of the Juarez Cartel, in a suburb of Mexico City.
Mexican authorities captured the suspected leader of La Linea, Francisco Javier Hernandez Marquez, alias “El Dientes,” in the city of Chihuahua. Before his discharge, Hernandez Marquez had been the commander of the now defunct State Judicial Police.
The Mexican army captured nine members of La Linea in a town in northeastern Chihuahua.
A clash between two gangs linked to the Juarez and Sinaloa Cartels, the Aztecas and the Mexicles, leaves 17 dead and 20 injured in a prison in Ciudad Juarez.
Marco Antonio Guzman, alias “El Brad Pitt,” the leader of La Linea, was arrested by Mexican authorities in the city of Chihuahua. La Linea, once the enforcers of the Juarez Cartel, has been experiencing a decline due to increased arrests.
New graffiti in Hidalgo del Parral, Chihuahua, suggests that La Linea, the traditional enforcement arm of the Juarez Cartel, has independently allied itself to the Zetas.
150 people were killed in Ciudad Juarez in May, the lowest monthly number since the massive army deployment in March 2009 caused a temporary drop in numbers.
According to government statistics, 3,111 people were killed in the city during 2010, up from 2,643 in 2009, and 1,587 in 2008. With a population of 1.4 million, Ciudad Juarez is the most dangerous place in Mexico, with October last year its bloodiest month, when 359 people were killed.
A government report states one third of Mexico's homicides are due to the Juárez-Sinaloa cartel wars: 8,236 murders registered across Mexico from 2006 to July 2010. In Chihuahua alone, 30 percent of the nation's homicides are attributed to the fight to control Ciudad Juárez.
A group of 30 armed gunmen kill 19 patients at a rehabilitation center in Ciudad Juárez. The presumed leader of the Aztecas later says, after his arrest, that the slaughter was in response to the Aztecas killing 16 students at a party in January, who were mistaken for members of a rival gang.
On their way home from a party, a US consulate employee and her husband are gunned down in Ciudad Juárez. On July 2, the Federal Police arrest the man accused of planning out the attacks, the leader of the Aztecas, a gang that works with the La Línea. He is also accused of leading the attack that killed 16 guests at a birthday party in January.
Members of the Aztecas gang, which works for La Línea, the armed wing of the Juárez Cartel, murder 16 students at a party. President Calderón comments that the killings were related to local drug gangs settling scores, which angers the victims' families.
Juárez and Sinaloa Cartels battle for control of the country's most lucrative 'plaza,' Ciudad Juárez. The killings make the city one of the most dangerous on the planet.
A fellow inmate shoots and kills Arturo Guzmán Loera, alias 'El Pollo,' in the Cefereso #1 Maximum Security penitentiary. The bloody battle between Juárez and Sinaloa Cartels intensifies.
Hitmen in the Sinaloa Cartel kill Rodolfo Carrillo Fuentes, alias 'El Niño de Oro,' and his wife as they leave a movie in Ciudad Juárez. The death sparks a feud between the Juárez and the Sinaloa Cartel, who moves into Juárez territory en masse in 2005, making it a battleground and one of the most dangerous cities in the world.
Mexican police say that the armed wing of the Juárez Cartel - a group of former police officers know as La Línea or The Line - may be responsible for the mysterious murders of women in Ciudad Juárez as well as numerous other unsolved homicides piling up in the city's streets. The group is later connected to the Juárez Cartel, called its armed wing and strike team.
Joaquín Guzmán has meetings with Zambada, the Beltrán Leyva brothers, Esparragoza and Vicente Carrillo Fuentes (photo), alias 'El Viceroy,' the head of the Juárez Cartel, to form what authorities later call the "Federation." Their common enemies, they decide, are the Gulf and the Tijuana Cartels. Their bond: family. Through marriage and otherwise, many were related, giving them their name in the underworld: 'La Alianza de Sangre' ('The Blood Alliance').
Joaquín Guzmán escapes from a maximum security prison in Jalisco. He later meets with Vicente Carrillo Fuentes and the two arrange a power sharing arrangement.
Muñoz Talavera is found dead in his jeep. His main rival gone, Vicente Carrillo Fuentes, alias 'El Viceroy,' consolidates his control of the Juárez Cartel by allying with a crew of other drug lords.
Rafael Muñoz Talavera publishes an open letter in a newspaper denying other media accounts that he is the new head of the Juárez Cartel. The Muñoz Talavera brothers lead a faction of the cartel and are fighting Vicente Carrillo Fuentes for control. But an alliance between Vicente Carrillo and Juan Esparragoza Moreno, alias 'El Azul,' will later secure Carrillo's dominance.
The main witness in the case against General Jesús Gutiérrez Rebollo survives an assassination attempt in Guadalajara. Four days later, a former beauty queen is gunned down on the street. She is allegedly connected to corrupt Mexican army officials who worked with the Juárez Cartel. Homicides and disappearances increase in Ciudad Juárez as key drug traffickers, including Carrillo's brother, Vicente, fight for power.
Amado Carillo Fuentes dies in mysterious circumstances, reportedly while undergoing facial plastic surgery. Several surgeons are later found buried in cement.
The head of Mexico's anti-narcotics institute, General Jesús Gutiérrez Rebollo, is arrested for conspiring with Amado Carrillo Fuentes. While on Carrillo's payroll, which included benefits like a luxury high-rise apartment, the general persecuted the rivals of the Juárez Cartel. Gutiérrez Rebollo is later the highest-ranking Mexican official ever tried on drugs charges.
Rafael Aguilar Guajardo is murdered in Cancún. Amado Carrillo Fuentes, alias the 'Señor de los Cielos' (the 'Lord of the Skies'), is believed to be behind the killing, unleashing a wave of violence in Juárez as he and his brothers seize control of the cartel.
In the largest cocaine seizure in US history, drug agents find 21 tons of cocaine in a Los Angeles warehouse. Rafael Muñoz Talavera, a member of what will become known as the Juárez Cartel, is later said to have coordinated the shipment.
Rafael Aguilar Guajardo, a former commander of the Mexican intelligence services, establishes control over the drug trafficking routes from the key border city of Ciudad Juárez.