This time line is for students of West Chester University working on a project for Education Technology course. This time line is a brief history of the technological advancments made in schools in the last century.
Created by irishpridel on Jan 25, 2010
Last updated: 11/03/10 at 12:55 PM
A video presenting many of the new technologies used in education and learning today
in 2000, the Secretary of the United States Army announced that $600 million would be spent over the next six years to enable soldiers to take distance education courses via the Internet
by 1998 there was one computer for every six students
Moreover, the percentage of schools that had Internet access increased from 50% in 1995 to 90% in 1998
by 1995 there was a computer for every 9 students in the classroom
Computers were being used for instructional purposes.more than 40% of all elementary schools and more than 75% of all secondary schools in the United States
Merrill concentrates on the means of presenting instructional materials (presentation techniques).
After teh interest in instructional television faded, the next technological innovation to catch the attention of a large number of educators was the computer. Although wide-spread interest in the computer as a n instructional tool did not occur until the 1980's, computers were first used in education and training at a much earlier date
5 Domains: Verbal information, intellectual skills, psychomotor skills, attitudes & cognitive strategies.
In 1963 the Ford Foundation felt that the purpose of educational/instructional television had faded out. The problem ended up being the mediocre educational and instructional quality of some of the programs that had been produced. So in this same year the Ford Foundation chose to focus more on public televsion that offered a more topics such as cultural and informational presentations.
Benjamin Bloom publishes 3 domains of learning: Taxonomy of Educational Objectives - * Cognitive: mental skills (Knowledge) * Affective: growth in feelings or emotional areas (Attitude) * Psychomotor: manual or physical skills (Skills)
During the 1950's there started to be a greater interest in television as an educational tool. In 1952 the Federal Communications Commission set aside 242 channels for educational purposes. The mission of these stations was to present instructional programs.
During the 1950's there was an increased interest in television as way to deliver educational instruction. In 1952 the Federal Communications Commision set aside 242 channels for educational purposes. The primary mission of these stations was the presentation of instructional programs.
Computer technology first appeared in the Electrical Engineering School at Cornell University in 1950 for use in educational research. Pictured is the first Cornell Electronic Analog Computer (COREAC). Computers were used in EE curriculum by 1952.
B-17 airplane pilot training film in which an instructor trains a new bomber pilot in proper procedure and technique while airborne. At the end of the film there is mention of utilizing devices, such as the flight computer - as early as the 1940s! This military training film was produced in co-operation with Boeing Aircraft Company.
The military emphasized the development of visual materials for the training of troops during World War II. Many army training films were produced by Indiana University.
After the War was over, education began to use the same materials for instruction in the classrooms (motion pictures, film strips) as had been used in military training. In the 1950s, new faculty members at Indiana University were hired to teach motion picture production and produce films.
While the education system was considered successful in the 1950s, it came as a huge shock to the public when the Russians announced that they had put the first satellite, Sputnik, into space.
The U.S. Government passed a National Defense Education Act to help the U.S. make progress in math and science. Indiana University budgets were increased for use of 16 mm instructional films and went through another stage of growth and development in the 1960s.
The example of Indiana University is indicative of the Government's military and post war initiative to promote the development and use of educational technology within the university setting.
During the war, training films played an important role in preparing civilians in the US to work in industry. Overhead projectors, slide projectors, and audio equipment where all utilized during this time.
Radio broadcasting, sound recordings, and sound motion pictures led to increased interest in instructional media.
In spite of the horrible economic effects of the Great Depression, the audiovisual instruction movement continued to evolve. In 1932, three national visual instruction organizations merged into the Department of Visual Instruction.
The visual instructional movement grows. Five national professional organizations for visual instruction were established. Twenty teacher-training institutions began offering courses in visual instruction
School Museums served as the central administration units for visual instruction by their distribution of portable museum exhibits, stereographs, slides, films, study prints, charts and other instructional materials.