Created by jaffer on 25/03/2011
Last updated: 26/03/11 at 14:46
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During the industrial revolution hosing conditions were very poor which gave rise to many diseases due to the cities not having sewage systems or their been no health standard.
Due to the poor housing conditions many people became sick and the cities reeked of human waste due inadequate sewage systems.
With the rise of many diseases scientist were urged to find cures for the disease. Many doctors used the work of Andreas Vesalius, Otto Brunfels many other scientist.
Due to the poor housing conditions the governments introduced standards of living. Today’s people have the right to a certain standard of living. Governments build infrastructure for the people to prevent the living conditions of the people during the industrial revolution.
In the 1800s Louis Pasteur was working on chicken cholera but one of the cultures were spoiled and could not infect healthy the chickens but when he tried to introduce fresh bacteria he could not infect them. Thus the discovery of immunization.
This discovery leads to scientists weakening other diseases to make people immune to them.
When people lived in poor condition during the industrial revolution many diseases came to rise, but with the ability to make people immune to them not ay people died.
Today we can get immune shots at birth to prevent us from contracting diseases. This also allows us to always be healthy.
Cotton spinning is the mass production of cotton using water frames, spinning Jennies and spinning mules invented by Richard Arkwright, James Hargreaves and Samuel Crompton.
Due to this mass production of cotton companies did not require to hire independent house wives to spin cotton form them to produce materials.
Companies required large amounts of land to farm the cotton so the started to clear land for the fields. Links in with environmentalism.
We are able to mass produce clothing or other types of material because of the invention of the cotton spinner.
Mining in Britan and South Wales started early but with the invention of the steam engine mining became more profitable and allowed miners to dug deeper into the ground to mining more coal. In 1775 James Watt invited the steam engine.
With the invention of the steam engine, the cost of transporting coal became less so mining companies could go deeper into the ground and mining more.
As mining’s needed to go deeper into the ground the study of geology was promoted and it became an official subject to study in Oxford University.
Large areas of land are mined for coal and other fuel sources. In order to mine theses areas habitats need to be destroyed. This causes damage to the environment.
With the invention of cotton spinning factories were build to house the machines. In 1721 the first factory was build.
Factories led to urbanization. With the vas majority of people moving to the city to find work in the factories, the living conditions in the city became poor. With all the filth produced by humans most of it was washed into rivers and streams. By Polluting the water bodies it made it impossible for fish to live.
Over time more and more water bodies were polluted making them toxic. Laws were put into place to stop this from happening. Links in with Environmentalism
Factories today provide many jobs for people but machines mainly run some. Factories release massive amounts of gasses into the atmosphere creating the green house effect.
In India hundreds of Indians go to their deaths while trying to protect trees from been cut down by the Maharaja of Jodhpur.
This act prevented many forests from been destroyed as it was adapted through out India and the rest of the world.
This act started because the rulers at the time needed trees to use as fuel their machinery at their compounds. Links in with the Industrial Revolution.
Due to the massacre that happened at Khejarli laws have been put into place to protect forest from been total destroyed.
In 1674 Van Leeuwenhoek used one of his homemade microscopes to discover infusoria. In the following years he discovered many microorganisms granting him the name “the Father of Microbiology”
With the discovery of microorganisms many other viruses and diseases were discovered allowing us to cure them and to manufacture preventive measures.
With the classification of microorganisms, when the cities became pack due to the industrial revolution many diseases came about, with the ability to classify them scientists were able to cure them.
Now that we know and can classify microorganisms we are able to prevent wide spread death from one virus and we are able to cure them.
In 1556 Georg Agricola published a book on how to refine the extraction of metals to smelt. He removed all mystics that surrounded this subject and build the foundations for others to build onto.
With the basis for metal extractions iron and other metals could be used to build factories. We could manipulate metals to use as we please.
With his work, during the industrial revolution, many furnaces for smelting were build to make iron beams to use as frames for the new buildings. Links with the Industrial revolution.
We are able to make metal sheets and iron support beams so that we can build large housing areas. We are also able to manipulate metals to make many designs that we desire.