Created by jawright on Nov 19, 2010
Last updated: 12/03/10 at 08:03 AM
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President Kennedy created this organization based on his historical demand of the people to "ask not what your country can do for you but what you can do for your country" and that's exactly what the Peace Corps was based on. The Peace Corps was meant to help the people in third-world countries by putting volunteers there to help them with whatever necessary but also to provide a more positive or understanding image of Americans in their country while also increasing our knowledge of others. Expansion is developed with this volunteer organization because we are spreading the positive image of America as incredibly giving and nurturing. Having such a positive image in third-world countries means a lot because it could potentially come in handy if we ever needed their assistance in any future disturbances. President Kenny's creation of the Peace Corps not only helped the people who need it the most, but it also helped America as a whole. Work Cited: "Peace Corps." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.
The baby boom era occurred when 12 million of the young soldiers came home from World War II and they were ready to get married and start a family immediately. With a sudden burst in the population when all of the children were born during the 60s, they needed some place to be housed. There was a severe housing shortage and then even more expansion would come from it because neighborhoods/suburbs were to become created in mass amounts. Industrialization would also benefit because more jobs will be created as the size of the population increased incredibly because of the more people to house, clothe, and feed. The only way that they could create so many houses for families in such a short period of time was with the use of the assembly line and that coincided with industrialization because of not only the assembly, but the factory jobs that it created for the large populous of people that needed them. Overall, expansion and industrialization were both affected because of the sudden shock of the new births that occurred World War II. Work Cited "Returning home from war." Image. Hulton Archive. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 2 Dec. 2010. "Boom-Time for Babies and Houses, 1950-1959 (Overview)." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.
The Atomic Bomb was the first example of the United States' power as they forcefully used it to yield the Japanese by dropping it over Nagasaki and Hiroshima and ending World War II. Over a period of six months, the United States strategically bombed the two cities of Japan but it wasn't until the dropping of "Little Boy" on Hiroshima and "Fat Man" in Nagasaki that it caused great devastation. The reason that it was dropped was because Japan ignored the ultimatum that the United States gave them stating that they needed to stop bombing our naval boats and they ignored it. The amount of nuclear force directly relates to expansion because it shows America's development of nuclear powers thus expanding their power throughout the world. Work Cited: "Atomic bomb explodes over Nagasaki." Image. National Archives. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.
Andrew Carnegie was an immigrant that rose from poverty to become the second richest men in America with his steel company. He had a very optimistic disposition as he made money during the Great Depression unlike the others as he had the money to buy the majority of his industry while other companies couldn't/were afraid to. Andrew Carnegie converted the idea of horizontal integration into what he used to make his riches. His great sense of business came from the method of vertical industry which meant that he would own every single aspect of the steel business and that was helpful because he was independent of other businesses and didn't have make deals or pay anyone. Vertical Integration used by Andrew Carnegie was a great aspect that arose from industrialization because it showed Americans that it's possible for them to own one of the largest companies in American history when using that method. Work Cited: "Andrew Carnegie." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 30 Nov. 2010.
John D. Rockefeller rose to become the first billionaire in America with his oil company, Standard Oil, which monopolized the oil refinery business. He came to reach such wealth using horizontal integration which means that since he focused on only one process of the oil industry eliminated all of his competitors and controlled the refinery business completely. He took other ideas of industry and was one of the first to successfully monopolize one step of the oil industry creating a whole new method of earning and being successful--horizontal integration. This idea of horizontal integration was a key aspect to the industrialization period because it introduced America to the idea of large industry and how it's possible to create a huge industry when monopolizing one sector of the industry. Rockefeller was one of the biggest and smartest players in the industry as he created a new way of reaching maximum capital, unlike everyone else. Work Cited: "Standard Oil "King of the World" political cartoon." Image. Bettmann/Corbis. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 30 Nov. 2010.
The Homestead Act of 1862 allowed certain men, women, and free slaves to have the opportunity to gain free land to expand and do whatever they wanted to fulfill the American dreams. This act was one of the most important events of expansionism because it allowed almost anyone to have up to 160 acres of land (if they fulfilled certain criteria) to have in their possession and expand on their old territory into something new. Expansion was incomprehensible with 160 acres of land because it opened up so many different advances that one could achieve. Work Cited: "Homestead Act (Overview)." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 22 Nov. 2010. "Settler's house in the forest." Image. Forest History Society. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 22 Nov. 2010.
The Gold Rush began with James W Marshall finding bits of gold on the land of a mill that he was building for John Sutter, but little did they know that finding gold would be the key to industrializing and expanding the western part of America. The Gold Rush was extremely important to expansionism because it allowed for various parts of the Western America to be discovered and explored and ultimately become places where most would end up living. Thousands of people left the East and traveled to the west to find riches, while eventually ending up living there and raising their children. The idea of gold lying within Western America also led to industrialization because of the money that was thought to be there but rarely existing allowed the people to have something to put towards the urbanization and culture of California and other surrounding areas. Work Cited: "Gold miner." Image. North Wind Picture Archives. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 19 Nov. 2010.
The Mexican War begins after they declare independence from Spain and desire more population in Texas, and they start to offer Americans more land in return for their citizenship. Things begin to turn south when the Americans decide that they don't want to be Mexicans anymore, but keep their land. The Mexican War was the perfect example of expansion because the fight with Mexico allowed Texas to become annexed and ultimately apart of the United States. America's greed to have land from the east coast to west became a little bit closer after the war because they had control over Texas, thus expanding their amount of land. This new amount of land could led to even more exploration and progression for the Americas. Work Cited: "Resaca de la Palma. This engraving shows the charge of Captain Charles Mays dragoons against..." Dictionary of American History. Ed. Stanley I. Kutler. 3rd ed. Vol. 5. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 19 Nov. 2010.
The Monroe Doctrine was created in 1823 and it was a document that represented America's official statement towards the former colonies, especially Spanish colonies, declaring independence is large amounts. President Monroe boldly states that Western colonies that have now declared independence are no longer open for colonization and if they try and interfere with those newly free colonies than America will see it as a threat and we will defend ourselves. Such a strong willed statement from a country that has only been independent for 50 years is a clear representation of expansion because it empowers America even more as this statement shows that we are strong and independent enough that we can push Great Britain and other powerful countries aside and diminish their power on our own territory, and as a result we can grow and continue our expedition westward. Our expedition could lead to us towards growing even more technologically advanced and one day overpowering all of the other powerful Eastern countries. Though not only did America expand territorially but it expanded into a forceful world power with the Monroe Doctrine. Work Cited: "Leaders discuss the Monroe Doctrine, which declared the Western Hemisphere to be free of further European expansion or ideology." Hispanic American Almanac: A Reference Work on Hispanics in the United States. Ed. Sonia Benson. 3rd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 19 Nov. 2010.
Manifest Destiny expressed how the Americans risked their lives to settle into the Far East, but it romanticized the journey. This expression came about as Americans were moving more and more westward every chance they got and pushed the Native Americans out of the way while they were doing it, while also using every method (including racism) to convince the people that what they were doing was right. Their thought was that the Americans had a god-given right to that land and they could do whatever pleased them while on it. That divine thought related to expansion because it documented the time when American expansionism was at its highest as they were tactless in trying to have America own all of the land that touched both coasts. This was important to expansion because though they were incredibly determined and passionate about expanding the nation and making it just as important and powerful as other countries, they also used the belief that the white man has the divinely given right to destroy anything that got in the way--especially including Native Americans and Mexicans. Work Cited: "American Progress (Gast)." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 19 Nov. 2010. "Manifest Destiny, 1790-1850 (Overview)." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 19 Nov. 2010.
The Louisiana Purchase took place in 1804 and it began when Spain secretly gave up it's rights to Louisiana and America feared France gaining control, but France was facing it's own problems as the slaves were rebelling in their desired colony, Haiti. Without having control of Haiti, France gave up not only New Orleans but the entire Louisiana Purchase and that's when President agreed on purchasing it for $15 million. This sudden increase purchase doubled the size of America instantly, as it allowed us to explore and expand more southern than we ever thought. With such a mass amount of land the population could expand greatly as America was now the size to hold many twice the amount of people. With a single stroke, we owned more than half of the Americans already and it just opened up a great deal more opportunities that we could do on such a large geography. Work Cited: "Map of the area encompassing the Louisiana Purchase." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 19 Nov. 2010.
The importance of the expansion begins with the French & Indian War in 1756 until 1763, and those who were fighting against one and other was the French and Indians against the colonists and the British. Since the British and the colonists won, they had an agreement that the colonists will double the amount of land they would receive but instead the British went back on their word. They created a line of division from the Appalachian Mountains and didn't allow anyone to settle west of that line, and this was called the Proclamation of 1763. The line of division prevented possible expansion for the settlers though that was the main reason why they helped the British fight. The British's chicanery hurt the colonists chance to expand their own land and create a more advanced society. Even though they would have more land, this injustice would allow the colonists to expand democratically as it would be the key step towards their Revolution and their independence movement. Work Cited: "Indian War of 1867-1869." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 19 Nov. 2010.
Jamestown was the beginning of expansion for the Americas as aristocratic businessmen from Europe traveled to the newly found land expecting to stay only a short amount of time and get a lot of wealth from their visit. The Native Americans and the Europeans had little in common and they could barely understand that idea of trade, but once they realized the land was as fertile as it was the expansion started. They began planting tobacco, which was rare and desirable but extremely expensive and unfortunately it ruined the land and the Native Americans couldn't plant the crops which led to their westward migration. Then the Europeans came up with the idea of running the rest of the Native Americans that didn't leave because of the destruction of the land because they wanted the land that they were living off of to be the home of their profitable delicacy. Since they were able to clear out all the Native Americans they were able to star their own land and colony for themselves. With the Native Americans gone it would allow the settlers to make a profit but also expanded the population and gave the settlers a chance to turn into the colonies that we now know. Jamestown was a little settlement, but would turn into the capital of our country for many years because of its progressive past and expansive history. Work Cited: "Jamestown (Overview)." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 19 Nov. 201