The ways America got their independence from the mother country(British). That led to many struggles, and pain
Created by jdarwyn on Dec 6, 2010
Last updated: 12/07/10 at 07:34 PM
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Thomas Jefferson was the person who wrote the declaration of independence. This just like the common sense pamphlet had the concepts of the english philosopher John Locke. It stated that every free person has the right to "life, liberty, and happiness". Also it said the people picked the government & the people who came to power. The people could also alter/abolish government that threaten the natual rights. In this declaration it also stated the people who were not equal. Women, Natives, and Africans. They considered women as second class, natives as savages, and Africans as slaves/property. There was also a part about slave trade that was removed. They removed it to gain support & votes of South Carolina, and Georgia. The declaration was a document in which the delegates of the continental congress declared the colonies' independence. John Hancock was the first person to sign because at the time he was president of congess.
The author of the "Common sense" was Thomas Paine. Paine's work would serve as a call of redirection for the colonies. The pages of Common Sense were designed to stir the hearts of ordinary Americans. Paine painted the British political system as abusive. Paine was especially harsh concerning the subject of an inherited monarchy. In the pamphlet Paine referred to the then king of Great Britain, George III, as a "Royal Brute". Common Sense was read and discussed by colonials of all stripes- Rebels, moderates, and Loyalist. The pamphlet sold 120,000 copies duiring it's first three months of publication, ultimately running through 25 editions.
The battle of Bunker Hill which was a nasty blood bath. It invovled the British and the Colonist, the British were sweating in wool uniforms, and heavy packs. They wore bright red uniforms that was very noticeable in battle. The British also marched in formationthaT showed they were very welled trained and had discipline. The colonist built a big barrier between them and the British. The colonist were not very well trained, they were spread out and just shot at any british soldier they saw. one of the most famous quotes from that battle was from Major William Prescott he said "Don't shoot until you see the whites of their eyes!" 450 of the Americans were either dead or injured, 1000 of the british soldiers were either dead or injured.
On April 19, 1775, British General Thomas Gage sent 700 soldiers to destroy guns and ammunition the colonists had stored in the town of Concord, just outside of Boston. They also planned to arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock, two of the key leaders of the patriot movement. The first shot of the Revalutionary war was fired here. Till this day nobady knows who fired that first shot.
The Intolerable Acts were a series of laws enacted by parliament in 1774 to punish massachusett colonies for the tea party
The Tea Act granted the east india company the right to sell tea to the colonies free of the taxes that colonial tea sellers had to pay. The Boston Tea Party was when the sons of liberty were mad about the tea act and dressed up like indians and dumped 18,000 lbs of tea in to the Boston Harbor to protestt the tea act.
A clash between the British soldiers and the Boston Colonist in 1770 in which five of the colonist were killed. 2 soldiers were convicted for manslaughter.
The stamp act was a law in which parliament established the first direct taxtation of goods and services within the British colonies in North America.
After the French and Indian war the france lost a lot of land to Britain and Spain. In this war Britain got a lot of help from their foriegn allies, the Iroquois Indians. After Briain won the war the Iroquois feared that The growing number of British settlers crossing the appalachin mountains would soon drive away the game they depended on for survival. Even though they feared that I guessed the indians would think that the British would be the same way like the french were.And that was the outcome. The British did not treat the indians as fairly in trade as had the french, refusing to provide them with free ammunition for hunting. The result Indian Violence on the frontier. An Ottawa chief named Pontiac, turned on the British. In May of 1763, His warriors attacked For Detroit and other outposts. By summer's end nearly British-controlled for west of Niagara and north of Fort Pitt had fallen to Native American attackers influenced by Pontiac. In the fall of 1763, the British crown declared the lands west of the appalachian mountains to be offlimits of colonial migration. his became known as the "proclamation of 1763".