Created by julias4 on Jan 7, 2010
Last updated: 01/10/10 at 07:37 PM
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After years of abuse in dangerous factories of the industrial revolution, British workers had had enough. They decided to ban together and form Unions, and use their united force to change their predicament. They began to strike, refusing to work until policies changed. At first this was illegal, as was the initial formation of their Worker's Unions. However, after much deliberation, Parliament finally passed a piece of legislature that gave what we consider such a basic right to these workers.
The political and geographic isolation of Germany made national industrialization nearly impossible. However, small areas could link themselves to the Ruhr Valley (where a majority of the country's natural resources were) using railroads, allowing for individual pockets of advancement. The combined efforts of these smaller regions did eventually allow the whole nation to become an industrial nation with plenty of clout.
When Britain blockaded the young nation America during the war of 1812, they thought it would inhibit the country. However, this discomfort caused the US to have to industrialize, and use its own resources to function and manufacture goods. A majority of this manufacturing took place in Lowell, Massachusetts. Francis Lowell opened the first textile factory there. However, he did more than build factories, eventually, it became and all- encompassing town. It was no longer just place for fabric to be made. Lowell became the textile capital of the world, and where a majority of the nations young women went to work in early adulthood.
Karl Marx, a poor journalist, and his wealthy friend Frederich Engels, the heir to his factory owner father's fortune, had an idea. After observing how Marx and the factory laborers worked and lived in poverty, and Engels in the lap of luxury, they devised a new system of government. They called it Communism, because everything was government owned, and all assets were distributed equally; everything was "communal." They detailed this philosophy in the famous Communist Manifesto.
James Watt did not actually invent the steam engine. However, he was able to make it run more quickly and efficiently on less fuel, and so along with the assistant of his business partner, Mr. Boulton, it was brought into much more widespread use. Boulton however, did take advantage of Watt, as he made most of the profits off the Boulton- Watt (note the name order) Steam Engine.
This was a revolution in the textile industry. It was a boat shaped piece of wood on four wheels that doubled the amount of work a weaver could do in a day.
Before Jethro Tull invented the Seed Drill, farmers would sprinkled large batches of seeds on the ground, hoping they'd take root and yield crops, and therefore profits. However, his invention revolutionized agriculture because it poked into the ground and placed the seed into the hole at even intervals, allowing a much higher chance it would take root. This meant farmers began having larger crop supplies and being able to make more money.