Recent Event Highlights: State and Local Fiscal Assistance Act, Law Enforcement Assistance Act, Civil Rights Act of 1964, and 30 more...
Created by kaity39 on Feb 16, 2011
Last updated: 02/21/11 at 02:42 PM
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The "Do Not Call" law is a law that established to consumers the right to limit the amount of telemarketing calls they receive. People who wish to be on the "Do Not Call" list must register their phone number on the list of numbers not to call. George W. Bush signed this law into effect.
The DHS is a cabinet department of the U.S. Federal government, that was created in response to the September 11th attacks. It was also created in order to protect the territory of the U.S. from terrorist attacks and to respond quickly to natural disasters. The purpose of the DHS is to take take of domestic issues of security within the U.S.
On September 11, 2001 there was a series of coordinated suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States. The hijackers intentionally crashed into the Twin Towers, the Pentagon, and a field near Shanksville. These attacks killed thousands.
This case was a decision by the Supreme Court of the U.S. about whether the U.S. Congress may use its Article I power to abolish a state's sole immunity from suits in its own courts. This allowed states to sue a state without the state's consent. In a 5-4 ruling the Supreme Court decided that the U.S Constitution does not grant congress the right to subject non-consenting states to private suits for damages in its own courts.
The 104th Congress was a meeting of the U.S. Legislative Branch. It met in Washington D.C. during the 3rd and 4th years of Bill Clinton's presidency. Both chambers had a majority of Republicans (first time since the 50s). The 104th Congress passed the Contract with America and a budget impasse between congress and the Clinton Administration the esulted in the Federal government shutdown of 1995.
The ADA prohibited and prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, State and local government, public accomodations, commercial facilities, transportation, and telecommunications. This Act also applies in the U.S. Congress.
In 1980 Ronald Reagan ran in the presidential election against democrat, Jimmy Carter. Reagan was aided by the Iran hostage crises and a worsening economy. Because of these faults, Reagan won by a landslide.
California and the United States disputed over whether the island and piers were included in this coastline. A special master was appointed to resolve this dispute. The Special Master found that the island and piers did not affect the shoreline, and were therefore not extensions of the coastline. California filed an exception to the Master's finding.
The Roe v. Wade decision held that a woman, with her doctor, could choose abortion in earlier months of pregnancy without restriction. The Court's decision in this case was that the Ninth Amendment protected a person's right to privacy.
This act provided the sharing of funds collected from the federal income tax with state and local governments.
This act administered federal funding to state and local law enforcement agencies, funded educational programs, research, state planning agencies, and local crime initiatives.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed major forms of discrimination against blacks and women. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation.Its duty was to guarantee all citizens equal protection of the laws under the Fourteenth Amendment and to protect voting rights under the Fifteenth Amendment.
The phrase no chlid left behind was first commonly used in the 1960's and first used by George Bush. Congress created a law that broke down achievement data by race and socioeconomic status to focus on achievement gaps.
This court case was an extremely pinnacle case in history, especially black history. This is because through this case the U.S. Supreme court declared state laws, which were established in order to have separate public schools for black and white students, unconstitutional. The vote was unanimous in the ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
Farming in the 1940's took off! Farming became more productive than ever. There were several technical factors including better machines, new varieties of crops and livestock, new pesticides, and better irrigation techniques. Also, productivity on the farm grew because the government got much more heavily involved, both through direct payments and indirect support of agricultural technology research.
The New Deal is a series of various economic programs put into place by the U.S. Congress during President Franklin Roosevelt's first term. These programs were formed in response to the destructive ways of the Great Depression. These programs focused on the 3 "Rs" (relief, recovery, and reform).
The Elastic Clause is the provision in Article One of the United States Constitution, section 8, clause 18. This clause gave Congress the power to make laws.
The sixteenth amendment allows the federal government to collect income tax.
The Pure Food and Drug Act is a United States federal law. The law provides federal inspection of meat products and don't allow the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines. The Act was passed after new public education by food and exposés from Muckrakers.
Plessy, having white skin, attempted to sit in an all-white railroad car. After refusing to sit in the black railway carriage car, Plessy was arrested for violating an 1890 Louisiana law that provided for segregated “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. At trial with Justice John H. Ferguson presiding, Plessy was found guilty on the grounds that the law was a reasonable exercise of the state’s police powers based upon custom, usage, and tradition in the state.
A land-grant college or university is an institution that has been designated by its state legislature or Congress to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890. The purpose of these institutions was to teach agriculture, military tactics, and the mechanic arts, as well as classical studies, so that members of the working classes could obtain a liberal, practical education.
The purpose of this Act was to oppose certain entities that could possibly harm competition, such as monopolies and cartels. The Act aimed to limit these cartels and monopolies from making other businesses impossible.
The Constitution of California establishes and describes the duties, powers, structure, and function of the U.S. government in California. The original constitution was adopted in 1849 and later superceded by its current constitution in May of 1879.
The territorial legislature of Wyoming granted women the vote in 1869. It was the first permanent suffrage law in U.S. history.
This amendment declared that all people born in the U.S. were deserving of citizenship. No one who is a citizen should be denied life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. This amendment basically deals with the definition of American citizenship and post civil war issues.
The government first instituted the federal income tax in 1862. They took this measure to support and promote the civil war effort. The income taxed more for people with larger incomes, and less for people with lower incomes.
The civil war was a war contained within the U.S. Eleven Southern slave states declared their secession from the U.S. and formed the Confederate States of America (Confederacy). The U.S. Federal government was supported by twenty northern states, and five states that became known as the border states.
The Dred Scott v. Sandford was a ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court that concluded that people of African descent shipped into the U.S. and held as slaves (and their descendants) weren't protected by the Constitution. The ruling also stood that Africans could NEVER become U.S. citizens. This case has never been overruled, but the 14th amendment is considered reparation for this sad travesty toward Africans.
In the McCulloch v. Maryland case, the state of Maryland had attempted to impede operation of a branch of the 2nd Bank of The United States by putting a tax on all notes from banks that weren't from Maryland. To fight Maryland the courts used the Necessary and Proper Clause from the Constitution. This case established two main principles. The first being that the Constitution gives congress the powers for implementing the Constitution's express powers, in order to create a functional national government and secondly that state action may not impede valid constitutional exercises of power by the Federal government.
The Resolutions were political statements in which the Kentucky and Virginia legislatures resolved not to abide by Alien and Sedition Acts. They believed it to be unconstitutional and argued for states' rights and strict constructionism of the Constitution.
The 10th Amendment explicitly states the Constitution's principle of federalism. The amendment states that powers not granted to the federal government nor prohibited by the states by the Constitution of the United States are reserved to the states or the people. The ratification of this amendment is significant because it establishes federalism.
This convention was to address problems in governing the United States. Although the Convention was purportedly intended only to revise the Articles of Confederation, the intention from the outset of many of its proponents was to create a new government rather than fix the existing one.
The Supremacy Clause is located in Article VI of the United States Constitution. The Supremacy Clause establishes the Constitution, and treaties made by the United States the "Supreme Law of the Land". Basically the Supremacy Clause states that nothing shall ever overrule the Constitution of the United States.
The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States and specified how the Federal government was to operate. The Articles were created by state representatives and lacked the necessary requirement for an effective governement. The Articles were replaced by the United States Constitution and the new government began operations in 1789