Created by kkkt123 on Jan 25, 2011
Last updated: 01/30/11 at 12:36 PM
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The Battle of New Orleans was on October 8, 1815.The Battle of New Orleans was the last major battle of the War of 1812. American forces led by Major General Andrew Jackson defeated the British Army trying to seize New Orleans. The Treaty of Ghent was signed before the battle so the Battle of New Orleans was pointless, but was the biggest American victory of the war.
The British burned the Capitol and many important buildings. The reason the British burned our capital is because we burned York in the the Battle of York in 1813. On August 24, 1814, the British troops made a march to Capitol Hill and burned important buildings.The first lady, Dolley Madison, was warned and her and her staff fled by carriage but before leaving she saved a full-length portrait of George Washington. In the end it wasnt about gaining territory it was revenge. It lasted two days.
Was signed on December 24, 1814.The Treaty if Ghent was signed in Ghent and ended the War of 1812 between the United States and the United Kindom of Great Britain. The treaty restored the relationship between the two nations. But because the communications were slow, so it took weeks for the news to reach the United States and the Battle of New Orleans was fought after it was signed.
William Henry Harrison led 3,500 American troops along the Thames River in Colorado against 800 British soliders and 500 Indian warriors. The Thames River is near present day Chantham, Ontario in upper Canada. We were attempting to capture Fort Amhersburg in upper Canada. Americans won a total victory and was very imprtant because we killed Tecumseh in the battle, which ended the Native American Confederacy. The end to this confederacy led to the Indians signing treaties foresaking claims to the land in this region over the next three decades.
The Battle of Lake Erie was one of the many battles between the Americans and the British. This was one of the biggest naval battles fought during the war. During this battle nine vessels of the United States Navy defeated and captured six vessels of Great Britain's Royal Navy. This ensured American control of the lake for the rest of the war, which allowed them to recover Detroit and win the Battle of Thames.
The Americans and British fought the Battle of York in 1813. This battle was fought so the Americans could regain control of the lakes. It was fought in Upper Canada at York or present day Toronto. The Americans sent in forces to capture Kingston before the Saint Lawrence River could thaw, so British reinforcements did not arrive on time, however the success of the operation was marred by the acts of arson and looting caried out by American forces.
Two days before war was declared, the British government stated that it would repeal the laws which were the main reason for anyone to start a fight. This same lack of communication would've saved us from one important yet not needed battle; the battle of New Orleans. This battle was faught, and won, by the U.S.A but they were unaware that there was a peace treaty signed declaring the war over 15 days prior. Other than Britain still trying to govern us, the main reason for declaring war was the problems with interference of shipping. Britain would stop our ships, sometimes open fire if we were headed to France, then they would come aboard and impress our soldiers. This was a major problem and needed to stop. However, New England, the United States's biggest shipping region, very much disagreed with going to war.
Fort Mackinac was on Mackinac Island near Michilimackinac, Michigan. This battle took place becasue both parties wanted control of the strategic Straits of Mackinac. In oreder to have the straits you had to have control of Detroit. Britain held Detroit until September 10th, 1813 when we won the Battle of Lake Erie, regaining control of Detroit. It wasn't for a while until we took back Fort Mackinac.
The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought between the Americans and the forces of Tecumseh. It was fought in responce to rising tensions with tribes and threats of war. While camping outside of Prophetstown, at the confluence of Tippecanoe and Wabash rivers, tribal forces surprise attacked the Americans. Although taken by surprise, the tribal forces amunition ran low and the Americans won the battle. This resulted in a devastating blow to Tecumseh's confederation and it never fully regained it's former strengh.
Vice-Admiral Sir George Berkeley sent the British ship 'Leopard' to find the American 'Chesapeake' and to take back the deserters who had left Britain to fight for us. The Chesapeake was captained by James Barron and the Leopard was led by Salusbury Pryce Humphreys. The attack on the American ship took place near Norfolk, Virginia. The Leopard made a false request to the Chesapeake in order to get close and within range. It worked! The Chesapeake had full deck of supplies for what they thought was going to be a long trading trip, because of this they managed to only fire one return shot at the Leopard and had to surrender surprisingly soon. The four Royal Navy deserters were Daniel Martin, John Strachan, William Ware, and Jenkin Ratford.
The USS Constitution, the oldest warship afloat in the world, has a thick wooden hull which withstood cannonball after cannonball from the British 'Guerriere' (hence the nickname Old Ironsides). It also has three masts and is a former member of the United States Navy heavy frigate. The ship was given its formal name by the president himself, George Washington. The ship was designed by Joshua Humphreys and was one of the original six ships authorized for construction by the Naval Act of 1794. It was built in Boston, Massachusetts.