timeline of everything we learn in history.
Created by lopezg on Sep 28, 2010
Last updated: 02/17/11 at 11:04 AM
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John D. Rockefeller retires.
explain how cars were stopped previously
End of the Civil War
- 2-day battle is Southern Tennessee - Union movement toward the Mississippi River - Approximately 24,000 causalities - The nation was horrified by the carnage (death or destruction of people) - Though harshly criticized, the battle demonstrated Grant’s resolve and determination to win, something which was lacking among other Union generals
New Orleans was the largest city in the South. It was considered an “international” city. Union victory demonstrated its navel superiority The economy of the north gets stronger able to make ships.Union victory was an important step toward securing control of the Mississippi and hurting trade (the Southern Trade)
It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War. The Union marched to the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia
Louisiana secedes from the U.S.
Mississippi secedes from the U.S
Florida secedes from the U.S.
Georgia secedes from the U.S
Alabama secedes from the U.S.
Texas Secedes from the U.S.
South Carolina Secedes from the U.S.
a final acquisition from Mexico, purchased by the U.S. for $10 Million What kind of land is it? Flat and dry (today, Southern Arizona, New Mexico) Why was the U.S. interested in acquiring this land? Excellent land for a planned southern Pacific Railroad Route Who is Gadsden? The U.S Diplomat who negotiated the purchase
Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote a book about slavery and how slavery should be abolished.
- 5 Parts: - 1. California admitted as a FREE state - 2. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 – all citizens wherever they lived will have to help capture runaway slaves. - 3. The remainder of the Mexican Cession territory was to be divided into Utah and New Mexico territories and Popular Sovereignty was to be used to determine their slavery status (free or slave?) - 4. The Slave Trade was banned in Washington, D.C. embarrassed to have auctions for slaves in the nation’s capital - 5. The Texas/New Mexico border was settled no more dispute about the border lines
Discovery of Gold, soon after the war, led to a great population (a “frenzy of fortune seekers” – the “49ers”) explosion and California’s eligibility for statehood (population exceeded 60,00) however, this created the need to compromise in Congress due to the slavery
- 3- way race (campaign) - Whig – Zachary Taylor (war hero from Mexico War) - Democrat- Lewis Cass - Free Soil – Martin Van Buren - Zachary Taylor wins - The free – soilers were a new party dedicated to preventing the spread of slavery to the west - For the first time, a national campaign included discussion about the future of slavery
Mexico – claimed the border was Nueces River. United States – claimed the border was rid Grande River. The war was “sparked” by gunfire and loss of American life in the disputed territory
1. U.S paid Mexico $15 Million and relieved (forgave, agreed to forgot) a $3.2 debt 2. Mexico ceded (gave up) a large area of land known as the Mexican Cession 3. Rio Grande River was established as the border – California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah and Parts of : Colorado, Wyoming
Polk President Texas annexed one year earlier .U.S. will acquire (gain) Oregon country. War with Mexico was about to happen and territory would be gained. Wilmot was a representatives from Pa. in the House. Wilmot proposed a bill to ban the spread of slavery to newly acquire territories.The bill passed in the House.Senate rejected the billLesson. – Slavery is a difficult issue. .Legislative branch shows division of the nation
Mountain Men traveled to Oregon because they wanted to kill beavers for their fur to sell back home. Lewis and Clark explored some of Oregon. Early 1800s, this land in Pacific Northwest was, at various times, inhabited by the British, the Russians, the Spanish and the Americans. Why the interest? - Densely forested; animal and fish life; temperate climate; Lewis and Clark - “Oregon Fever” – Increasingly, the Oregon trail was used every Spring in 1840s to bring settlers, trappers, explorers, and others West
Americans beat the Mexicans at war and after a few years Texas was finally annexed.
– Majority from Northern and Western Europe (Examples: Ireland, Germany, England, Switzerland, Norway, Finland, Sweden, Scotland, France, etc.)
John D. Rockefeller was born.
Florida was refuge for many runaway slaves. Andrew Jackson sent 3,000 troops to Florida
• To Cede-to give-up, relinquish • Tensions with Britain persisted in the years following the War of 1812; naval buildup occurred in the Great Lakes • Nearly 3rd war in 45-year span-dispute over Red River Basin territory • Cooler heads prevail – 49th Parallel used as the border for the 1st time
Purchased from France French Leader: Napoleon Bonaparte France need money because they were having many wars Payed: $ 15 million President: Jefferson U.S. doubled in size
Majority from Southern and Eastern Europe – (examples: Italy, Poland, Greece, Russia, Hungary, Turkey, Spain, Portugal, Ukraine, Latvia, Estonia, Czech, etc.)