By the early 1830's, the destruction of Tasmanian Aboriginal society was complete. In the same period and in the following decades, destruction on a similar scale took place in many parts of the Australian mainland. One after another, Aboriginal groups fought to save their land from the Europeans, who came in ever increasing numbers.
Created by lrgreenwoo14 on Nov 21, 2010
Last updated: 11/25/10 at 03:14 AM
Ronald Macalister was killed by Aboriginies near Port Albert in Gippsland, Victoria. To avenge his death a party of the settlers set out under the leadership of a local squatter. Very little was known about the Warrigal Creek massacre as it was kept a secret.This massacre was one of the many that took place in Gippsland and other areas. Although historians estimate 20000 Aboriginies and 2000 Europeans were killed during the colonial period.
The Native Police Forces were established in Port Phillip in 1842 in New South Wales and 1859 in Queensland. The force was built up of young Aboriginal men who were sent to kill Aboriginal people of different language groups. This was a vital contribution to the defeat of the Aboriginal resistance.
11 men rode onto Henry Dangar's Myall Creek Station in northern New South Wales. 10 of these men were convicts or ex-convicts. The group told other convicts that they were hunting Aboriginals to punish them for scaring the cattle. Over 30 women, children and elderly men were either shot, butchered with swords or even burnt to death.
The Liverpool Plains area of the Northern New South Wales was the site of a chain of revenge attacks from the murder of the 14 colonists while driving stock through the Benalla area. Captain Nunn and 23 troopers killed atleast 100 Aboriginals in revenge against the killing of shepards.
The Europeans were killing aborigines because of an order issued by Govenor Macquarie himself. He had stated that anyone found treating the natives in a cruel or inhumane way would be punished. This was ordered because of the murder of an aboriginal woman and her children. Mountain natives had come down looking for food and had killed europeans, which is why Govenor Macquarie sent some of his men on expeditions with a wanted list, in the hope of finding those certain aborigines and making them prisoners. For those who refused to go with the men, they would be shot dead and hung from the trees in conspicuous parts of the country, where they fell. The recent significance of this massacre is due to a New South Wales MP who has begun a campaign for greater recognition of the aboriginal site and the descendants of the 14 natives killed.
The Native Institution was a school for aboriginal children that Governor Macquaire established. It is unknown exactly why Governor Macquarie established the school but it is said that his policy concerning the Aboriginals was an expression of the same humanitarian conscience.
Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth were the first europeans to cross the Blue Mountains. This was significant beacuse it allowed for colonies to move up into the north-west of New South Wales.
The first recorded Aboriginal massacre took place at Risdon, near Hobart. Records show that 3 Aboriginals were killed. However, later its was given to the Aborigines Committee that the number of deaths was much higher. The massacre has become a focus for modern debates about the impact of European contact with the Aboriginals and the numerous deaths in the years of the Black War.
Pemulwuy was shot dead by two british colonists who cut off his head and sent it to England. This is significant because Pemulwuy was a problematic aboriginal warrior who led many riots.
Pemulwuy, an aboriginal warrior fataly speared John McIntyre with a special death spear. It was barbed with pieces of red stone that would stay in the body even after the spear had been removed. Pemulwuy had speared John as an act of revenge or payback to the Govenor. He didn't understand this concept of 'an eye for an eye' so found the murder completely unnecessary.