Recent Event Highlights: Civil War, Pre-Civil War, and 13 more...
Created by mabbott on Aug 23, 2010
Last updated: 09/30/10 at 12:12 PM
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Presidents: Richard Nixon Gerald Ford Jimmy Carter Ronald Regan Events: Kent State and Jackson shootings (1970) Pentagon papers (1971) 26th amendment (1971) Watergate (1972-1974) US ends intervention in Vietnam (1973) Saturday night massacre (1973) Nixon resigns (1974) Three mile island nuclear accident (1979) Iranian hostage crisis (1979-1981) SDI missile defense system proposed (1983) Iran-Contra Affair (1985) Berlin Wall if teared down (1989) Paragraph: During this time America was more republicanism because the government was taking things in its own hands. The people still had a say in what was going on but the government wanted to take care of things on its own. Bibliography: "Ronald Reagan." American Decades. Ed. Judith S. Baughman, et al. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 27 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Dwight Eisenhower John Kennedy Lyndon Johnson Richard Nixon Events: Sit-in movement (1960) Peace Corps (1961) Cuban Missile crisis (1962) 24th Amendment (1964) Malcolm X shot (1965) Kennedy shot (1968) Martin Luther King Jr. shot (1968) Paragraph: During this time democracy became big among the younger people of America. They were becoming more educated so they were becoming more active in the society. One of the big things was they were becoming more politically active so more of them were voting. They were also demanding that they be treated more equally and that their rights be respected. Bibliography: "Kennedy, John F." Presidential Administration Profiles for Students. Ed. Kelle S. Sisung and Gerda-Ann Raffaelle. Detroit: Gale Group, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 27 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Harry Truman Dwight Eisenhower Events: A-Bombs, Nuremburg Trials (1945) Iron Curtain Speech, Baby boom begins (1946) Truman Doctrine, Levittown NY (1947) Marshall Plan, Berlin Airlift (1948) Soviet Union and A-Bomb, US joins NATO (1949) McCarthy hearings, Korean War (1950) 22nd Amendment, UNIVAC I (1951) Checkers Speech, US detonates Hydrogen bomb (1952) Korean War ends, Julius & Ethal Rosenberg (1953) Army-McCarthy hearings, Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) AFL & CIO merge, Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955) Interstate Highway system, Pledge of Allegiance adjusted (1956) Little Rock desegregation crises, Sputnik (1957) National Defense Education Act, Explorer space program (19958) Alaska & Hawaii admitted to US, Kitchen debate (1959) Paragraph: This was a time of republicanism. The US was having problems with Korea and communism so they were thinking more about the country's status rather than the people. The government didn't really listen to what the people thought about what was going on and what they wanted to do about it they just did what they thought it was right. As a result of this the people started demanding democracy in the 60s. Bibliography: "Truman, Harry S." Presidential Administration Profiles for Students. Ed. Kelle S. Sisung and Gerda-Ann Raffaelle. Detroit: Gale Group, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 27 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Events: Germany invades Poland (1939) Military conscription bill passed (1940) Lend-lease act (1941) Hitler declares war on United States (1941) Roosevelt dies (1945) Hitler commits suicide (1945) Paragraph: During WWII the government was both democracy and republicanism. The government and the people both had an equal say in what was going on because most of the people were supporting the war even if they didn’t believe in it and the government was using the peoples support to fight the war. For the most part they were working together during the war to ensure that our side won it. Bibliography: "Adolf Hitler gives the Nazi salute." Political Theories for Students. Ed. Matthew Miskelly and Jaime Noce. Detroit: Gale, 2002. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 27 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Woodrow Wilson Herbert Hoover Events: WWI begins (1914) Lusitania sunk (1915) Zimmerman note published (1917) Espionage Act (1917) Sedation Act (1918) Schenck vs. US (1919) Bolsheviks tell their goal of world wide communism (1919) Suspected reds are arrested in Chicago (1920) Black Thursday (1929) Election of 1932 Paragraph: This was a time where the government was more republicanism than democratic. The government started to gain more power. Some ways that the government did this was through the espionage act and the sedation act. The government could ban newspapers, magazines, threaten individuals convicted of obstructing draft with fines and jail time, and they made it a federal offense to use disloyal and profane language against the constitution and the government. The panic over political ratification and the red scare also started which let to more government control. The government was able to take people's rights away who were suspected of being a spy or communist. Also during the great depression the government was more republicanism because Roosevelt took control and started all of these job opportunities and used his governmental powers to try and help the country get out of the depression. Bibliography: "Girls Stitching Cloth to Framework of Airplane Wings." Women in America. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 2010. American Journey. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 27 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Woodrow Wilson Events: William McKinley shot (1901) First successful flight by powered aircraft (1903) Anti-black riot (1906) The great white fleet (1907) The Niagara movement (1909) White Slavery (1910) Theodore Roosevelt is shot (1912) 16th amendment (1913) Panama Canal officially opens (1914) 14 point plan (1918) 18th amendment (1919) Paragraph: This Era was a time when the people started to form their government into more of a democracy. They made several economic, political, social, and moral reforms. Four constitutional amendments were made to try and make the country a democracy. The four amendments authorized an income tax, provided for the direct election of Senators, allowed women to vote, and prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages. Bibliography: "The fight for womens suffrage generated many interesting and witty posters. ." Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America. Ed. A Walton Litz, et al. Vol. 3: Affirmative Action/Assisted Suicide & the Right to Die/Civil Rights & Equal Protection/Gender Discrimination/Reproductive Rights/Rights of Immigrants, Gays, & the Disabled/Voting Rights. Detroit: UXL, 2001. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 27 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Rutherford Hays James Garfield Chester Aurthur Grover Cleveland (twice) Benjamin Harrison William McKinley Events: Senate defeats women suffrage (1878) Light bulb invented (1879) James Garfield shot (1881) Pendleton act (1883) Statue of liberty is unveiled (1886) Mississippi plan (1890) Paragraph: This was a time of democracy even though politics were corrupt. There were all kinds of purity reforms being made against drugs, sexuality, gambling, temperance, smoking, and religion. The people were the ones demanding the reforms and making them happen. The people at this time had a huge say in what the government was doing. Bibliography: "Cleveland, Grover." Presidential Administration Profiles for Students. Ed. Kelle S. Sisung and Gerda-Ann Raffaelle. Detroit: Gale Group, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 28 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Abraham Lincoln Andrew Johnson Ulysses Grant Events: Presidential reconstruction (1865) 13th Amendment (1865) Congressional reconstruction (1866) 14th Amendment (1866) 15th Amendment (1870) Election of 1876 Compromise of 1877 Paragraph: This was a time where America had to be completely reconstructed because it had pretty much fallen apart. Democracy starts to show up again because no man could be denied the right to vote based on their skin color and African Americans also gained more rights. The states that wanted to re-enter the country had to abolish slavery so now there were more free African Americans that could vote. Bibliography: "Reconstruction was the era after the American Civil War when the nation struggled to reunite as a..." U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 7. Detroit: UXL, 2009. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 21 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Abraham Lincoln Events: First Shot (1861) Four more states leave (1861) Battle of Gettysburg (1863) Emancipation Proclamation (1863) Appomattox- South Surrenders (1865) Abraham Lincoln in assassinated (1865) Paragraph: During the civil war the government was more of a republicanism. The South wanted to leave the country because they didn't want to abolish slavery and the government did not like this. They wanted the south to stay with America so a war began. After the war the government also took charge in what happened to the south if they wanted to join America again. Bibliography: "Lookout Mountain, Tennessee." The Civil War. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 2010. American Journey. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 27 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: James Polk Zachary Taylor Millard Fillmore Franklin Pierce James Buchanan Events: Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) Election over slavery (1855) Seven States leave (1860) Abraham Lincoln elected (1860) Paragraph: During this time there is a democracy but the elections were still flawed and not very fair. In the election over slavery in 1855 there was a lot of cheating and threatening. Missouri cheated in the election by having people move into Kansas so they can vote for slavery and they voted illegally multiple times. Depending on how they voted people all over Missouri and Kansas were being threatened. By having an election this mean that there was a democracy but there was still much to do to improve the election process. Bibliography: "Map of The Land Division of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 21 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: James Monroe John Quincy Adams Andrew Jackson Martin van Buren Events: Election of 1824 First African American newspaper published (1827) Election of 1828 Indian removal act (1830) Black Hawk War begins (1832) The Force Act (1833) Henry Clay's compromise Tariff (1833) Texas declares independence from Mexico (1836) The panic of 1837 Paragraph: During this time democracy started to disappear. Andrew Jackson started to abuse his power and he became more like a king than the president. He did anything he could to protect his power and to make it stronger. He covered this up at first by referring to himself the "common man." The people started to realize that the democracy was slipping away and they started questioning if Jackson was a president or really more like a king. Bibliography: "Jackson, Andrew." Presidential Administration Profiles for Students. Ed. Kelle S. Sisung and Gerda-Ann Raffaelle. Detroit: Gale Group, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 10 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe Events: Jefferson delivered his inaugural address (1801) Judiciary Act (1801) Louisiana Purchase (1803) Jefferson reelected (1804) 12 amendment (1804) Lewis and Clark started expedition (1804) Burr tried for treason (1807) The Embargo of 1807 Congress prohibits African slave trade (1808) Bill number two passed (1810) The War of 1812 War of 1812 ends (1814) Missouri compromise (1820) Monroe doctrine (1823) Paragraph: During the time of the Jeffersonian Era the role of democracy was very unorganized and caused a lot of problems with the elections. In the presidential election in 1800 there was a tie and one man, James Bayard, was the one who decided the president with his one vote. His decision was very republicanism because he made his decision on what he thought was right for his state not what his state wanted. Bibliography: "Thomas Jefferson thought separation of the executive and legislative powers was essential to an..." Checks and Balances: The Three Branches of the American Government. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Daniel E. Brannen, Jr. Vol. 1: Executive. Detroit: UXL, 2005. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 31 Aug. 2010.
Presidents: George Washington John Adams Thomas Jefferson Events: James Challender published attacks on George Washington (1790) Treaty of Greenville (1795) The Election of 1796 Sedition Act (1798) War between Untied States and France (1798) Americans founded 17 new colleges and a large number of female academies (1783 to 1800) Thomas Jefferson Elected President (1800) The Revolution of 1800 Paragraph: The Untied States had just become its own nation. They were still trying to figure out their new government system and also all of the finances. The first election where people could choose between two political parties was held and also the first census began. The government was trying out its new democracy ideas like voting. People were unsure of the ideas of democracy because the government had just been formed and it was still new to everyone. Bibliography: "President George Washington, right, meeting with Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, seated left,..." U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 4. Detroit: UXL, 2009. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 31 Aug. 2010.
Presidents: George Washington Events: Articles of Confederation written (1781) Federalists start to emerge (1786) The Constitution written (1787) George Washington Elected President (1789) Bill of Rights (1791) Paragraph: The Constitution was a document that was the start to our government. It had all of the rules and regulations of the government. With the Articles of Confederation the government was pretty much a complete democracy and people started to want more of a republican government. People started to disagree with a lot of the democracy ideas that the government was following. Bibliography: "The U.S. Constitution, written by a group of delegates, established the framework for U.S...." U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, 2009. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 31 Aug. 2010.
Presidents: There was no presidents during this time Events: Proclamation of 1763 Currency Act (1764) Sugar Act (1764) Declaratory Act (1765) Stamp Act (1765) Boston Massacre (1770) Tea Act (1773) Coercive Acts (1774) British Authorized to Use Force (1775) Battle in Lexington (1775) Declaration on Independence (1776) Battle in Yorktown (1781) Paragraph: During the Revolutionary War the idea of democracy was just starting to be formed. The people knew that they wanted to be free from the British and they new that they wanted the power to be in the hands of the people. The Declaration of Independence had to do with democracy because America was finally getting its freedom and starting to create a government that was based around a lot of the democratic ideas. Bibliography: "Militiamen Face British Troops at Lexington, Massachussetts." Gale Student Resources in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 31 Aug. 2010.