Recent Event Highlights: Florida enacts as a statewide voucher program. , Ohio becomes the first state to allow students to use vouchers for religious schools., Wisconsin program expands to include religious schools, Concept of choice is extended between districts in Minnesota, Mueller v. Allen Supreme Court Case , Birth of charter schools in Minnesota , and 7 more...
Created by maryanez on Nov 29, 2010
Last updated: 11/30/10 at 06:02 PM
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There are numerous choice programs in the United States Over fifty philanthropist-driven voucher program help children in major cities attend private schools. Nearly 1,800 charter schools are in operation in all but thirteen states. Sixteen states have inter-district school choice in place.
Florida enacts as a statewide voucher program that permits students in failing schools to attend another school of their choice
Ohio becomes the first state to allow students to use vouchers for religious schools. The Cleveland Scholarship Program (CSP) gives scholarships to students from low-income families, which they can redeem at any participating Cleveland private school- secular or religious.
Wisconsin program expands to include religious schools The new provision is unsuccessfully challenged in court, in 1998 the Wisconsin Supreme Court allows Milwaukee students to use vouchers to attend public schools.
The concept of choice is extended between district's in Minnesota's statewide choice system. By 2000, sixteen states have similar inter-district choice systems.
The Wisconsin Legislature passes the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program, the first volunteer legislation that allows students to attend private, non-religious schools at taxpayer expense. The program originally allowed up to one percent of economically disadvantaged pupils in the Milwaukee Public Schools to use their state share of education funds as full payment of tuition in participating private schools.
In Mueller v. Allen, the supreme court upholds a tuition tax credit for Minnesota parents who sent their children to private schools, including religious schools.
The birth of charter schools in Minnesota allows public funding and loser administrative requirements for new schools.
New York City's District 4 in Harlem institutes an intra-district controlled choice program, allowing students to attend any school in their district.
Lemon v. Kurtzman Supreme Court Case, the supreme court rules that the First Amendment was violated when state aid private schools for teachers' salaries and instructional material was given to schools substantially religious in character.
Office of Economic Opportunity launches the first modern voucher experiment in Alum rock, California.
The Supreme Court strikes down salary supplements for parochial-school teachers, state aid for repairing buildings, tuition reimbursement and provision of non-textbook materials.
Contemporary notion of voucher system is born in Milton Friedman's Capitalism and Freedom where he postulates that if parents could "shop" for schools public schools would have to improve in order to attract student enrollment and tuition.
President Grant gives a famous speech in which he says, "Not one dollar... shall be appropriated to the support of any sectarian schools."
Horace Mann, secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education helps pass the first compulsory attendance law in the nation for children of elementary-school age.
Ny Legislature passes the Maclay Bill which bars all religious instructions from public schools and and declines and money from state to denominational schools. The policy spreads to other states and becomes official policy.
Hughes of New York asks the Public Schools Society for state aid for Catholic Schools.
Thomas Pain shares a common point with Smith saying the state should provide poor families with money so their children can be secured with basic education.
Adam Smith argues that parents are the ones to decide their children's education and the state should give parents money to hire a good teacher.