Mckenzie's personal timeline, a place to collect and share things from Mckenzie's life.
Created by mckenzie_a3 on May 18, 2010
Last updated: 05/25/10 at 09:32 PM
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9/11 happened when 19 terrorist hijacked four commercial passenger airlines. The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the airlines into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. When they crashed, everyone on bored died and the people working in the building also died. There were no survivors on either plane or building. There was about 6,000 that were injured during the attack. It was a very tragic and devastating event that killed 2,995 people.
The North American Free Trade Agreement or NAFTA is an agreement signed by the governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994. It superseded the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement between the U.S. and Canada.The leaders meet in San Antonio, Texas, on December 17, 1992, to sign NAFTA. U.S. President George H.W. Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican President Carlos Salinas, each responsible for spearheading and promoting the agreement, ceremonially signed it.
The invasion of Kuwait by Iraqi troops that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation, and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council. U.S. President George W. Bush deployed American forces to Saudi Arabia and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene.The coalition ceased their advance, and declared a cease-fire 100 hours after the ground campaign started. Aerial and ground combat was confined to Iraq, Kuwait, and areas on the border of Saudi Arabia. However, Iraq launched missiles against coalition military targets in Saudi Arabia.
The first Republican to have served as governor of the U.S. state of Texas since Reconstruction. He was the 42nd and 44th Governor of Texas serving from 1979 to 1983 and 1987 to 1991.In 1979, Clements succeeded Democrat Dolph Briscoe of Uvalde, located west of San Antonio, to become governor. To win the governorship, he first defeated State Representative Ray Hutchison in the Republican primary by a lopsided vote of 115,345 to 38,268.During his second term, Clements worked to reduce crime, improve education, boost the Texas economy, and to foster better relations with Mexico, especially on issues important to the mutual borders, such as immigration and the drug war.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA or sometimes USEPA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States charged to protect human health and the environment, by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress.The EPA was proposed by President Richard Nixon and began operation on December 2, 1970, when its establishment was passed by Congress, and signed into law by President Nixon, and has since been chiefly responsible for the environmental policy of the United States.
The Great Society was a set of domestic programs proposed or enacted in the United States on the initiative of President Lyndon B. Johnson. Two main goals of the Great Society social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. New major spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, and transportation were launched during this period. The Great Society in scope and sweep resembled the New Deal domestic agenda of Franklin D. Roosevelt, but differed sharply in types of programs enacted.
NASA was established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act on July 29, 1958, replacing its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The agency became operational on October 1, 1958.NASA has led U.S. efforts for space exploration ever since, resulting in the Apollo missions to the Moon, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. Currently NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is developing a new manned spacecraft called Orion.
The Vetnam War was a Cold War military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from November 1, 1955 to April 30, 1975 when Saigon fell.This war followed the First Indochina War and was fought between the communist North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other anti-communist nations.The Viet Cong, a lightly-armed South Vietnamese communist-controlled common front, largely fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region. The North Vietnamese Army engaged in a more conventional war, at times committing large units into battle. U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery and airstrikes.
Typically the term is used to refer to the industry that researches, designs, manufactures, operates, and maintains vehicles moving through air and space. Aerospace is a very diverse field, with a multitude of commercial, industrial and military applications.In most industrial countries, the aerospace industry is a cooperation of public and private industries.Along with these public space programs, many companies produce technical tools and components such as spaceships and satellites.
Eisenhower was a five-star general in the United States Army and the 34th President of the United States, from 1953 until 1961. During World War II, he served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe, with responsibility for planning and supervising the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944–45, from the Western Front. In 1951, he became the first supreme commander of NATO.
The Cold War was the continuing state of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition existing after World War II (1939–1945), primarily between the Soviet Union and its satellite states, and the powers of the Western world, particularly the United States.Although the primary participants' military forces never officially clashed directly, they expressed the conflict through military coalitions, strategic conventional force deployments, extensive aid to states deemed vulnerable, proxy wars, espionage, propaganda, a nuclear arms race, and economic and technological competitions, such as the Space Race.
Was a Texas politician who led the conservative faction of the Texas Democratic Party during the turbulent 1940s and 1950s. Shivers also developed the lieutenant governor's post into an extremely powerful perch in state government.In 1946, he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Texas. He is credited with developing the "ideas, practices, and techniques of leadership" that made the office the most powerful post in Texas government, although the powers of the Governor are limited by the state constitution more so than other states. When Governor Beauford Jester died on July 11, 1949, Shivers succeeded him—the only lieutenant governor to gain the governor's office through the death of his predecessor. In 1950, Shivers won election as the governor in his own right; he then set the three-term precedent by running again and winning in 1952 and 1954. In 1952, Shivers proved so popular that he was listed on the gubernatorial ballot as the nominee of both the Democratic and Republican parties (Democrat Shivers handily defeated Republican Shivers).
It ended with the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers. Germany surrendered on May 7th to the Western Allies, and May 8th to the Soviet Union, 1945, about a week after Adolf Hitler had committed suicide. Japan was able to hold out for another few months and was preparing for a desperate and bloody defense in the event of an American invasion of the home islands. Atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9 respectively. After that the Imperial government sought the Emperor's personal authority to surrender which he granted. He made a personal radio address announcing the decision on August 15, 1945. The surrender was signed on Sept. 2, 1945 aboard the battleship A.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay. President Truman officially declared an end to hostilities by Presidential Proclamation on December 31, 1946
Fleet Admiral Chester William Nimitz, GCB, USN (24 February 1885 â€“ 20 February 1966) was a five-star admiral in the United States Navy. He held the dual command of Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet ("CinCPac" pronounced "sink-pack"), for U.S. naval forces and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CinCPOA), for U.S. and Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II. He was the leading U.S. Navy authority on submarines, as well as Chief of the Navy's Bureau of Navigation in 1939. He served as Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) from 1945 until 1947. He was the United States' last surviving Fleet Admiral.
e Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community
On December 7, 1941, while German armies were freezing before Moscow, Japan suddenly pushed the United States into the struggle by attacking the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Four days later Hitler declared war on the United States. President Roosevelt called on Congress for immediate and massive expansion of the armed forces. Twenty years of neglect and indifference, however, could not be overcome in a few days.
1939: January 30, 1939 - Hitler threatens Jews during Reichstag speech.March 15/16 - Nazis take Czechoslovakia. March 28, 1939 - Spanish Civil war ends. May 22, 1939 - Nazis sign 'Pact of Steel' with Italy. August 23, 1939 - Nazis and Soviets sign Pact. August 25, 1939 - Britain and Poland sign a Mutual Assistance Treaty. August 31, 1939 - British fleet mobilizes; Civilian evacuations begin from London. September 1, 1939 - Nazis invade Poland. September 3, 1939 - Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany. September 4, 1939 - British Royal Air Force attacks the German Navy. September 5, 1939 - United States proclaims its neutrality; German troops cross the Vistula River in Poland. September 10, 1939 - Canada declares war on Germany; Battle of the Atlantic begins. September 17, 1939 - Soviets invade Poland.
Barbara Charline Jordan was an American politician from Texas. She served as a congresswoman in the United States House of Representatives from 1973 to 1979.Jordan campaigned for the Texas House of Representatives in 1962 and 1964.Her persistence won her a seat in the Texas Senate in 1966, becoming the first African American state senator since 1883 and the first black woman to serve in that body.Re-elected to a full term in the Texas Senate in 1968, she served until 1972. She was the first African-American female to serve as president pro tem. of the state senate and served one day, June 10, 1972, as acting governor of Texas.
The Dust Bowl or the Dirty Thirties was a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American prairie lands from 1930 to 1936. The phenomenon was caused by severe drought coupled with decades of extensive farming without crop rotation, fallow fields, cover crops or other techniques to prevent erosion. Deep plowing of the topsoil of the Great Plains had killed the natural grasses that normally kept the soil in place and trapped moisture even during periods of drought and high winds. During the drought of the 1930s, with no natural anchors to keep the soil in place, it dried, turned to dust, and blew away eastward and southward in large dark clouds. At times the clouds blackened the sky reaching all the way to East Coast cities such as New York and Washington, D.C. Much of the soil ended up deposited in the Atlantic Ocean, carried by prevailing winds which were in part created by the dry and bare soil conditions itself. These storms were sometimes known as Bkack Blizzards.
The New Deal was a series of economic programs passed by Congress during the first term of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The programs were responses to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians call the 3 Rs: relief, recovery and reform. That is, relief for the unemployed and poor, recovery of the economy to normal levels, and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression.
In the 1920's everything boomed and so did the real estate. but when came the great depression, many people were left homeless and hungy, with no job.
CM Joiner created this theory about a huge under ground sea of oil and proved his thoery correct. he became one of the richest men of his time. he was also very successful.
Banking in the 1920's was all booms but everything busted in 1930 with the wall street market crash.
The Great Depression is thought to have begun "Black Tuesday" with the Wall Street Crash of October, 1929 and rapidly spread worldwide. The market crash marked the beginning of a decade of high unemployment, poverty, low profits, deflation, plunging farm incomes, and lost opportunities for economic growth and personal advancement.
An American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African American civil rights movement. His main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the United States, and he has become a human rights icon: King is recognized as a martyr by two Christian churches.A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president. King's efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. There, he raised public consciousness of the civil rights
Woman's Suffrage was a time when women were not allowed to vote and they fought for that right. But, finally, on August 26th, 1920, the 19th amendment was ratified and women were finally able to vote.
This was a time when cotton was in less of a demand and it was being over produced. people had to find a way to get rid of all of the cotton. so they used it for other stuff.
cattle drives were no longer the main event of ranching. thanks to barbed wire. but, soon, railroads came along and it didn't matter. later, electricity came along and meat was able to be butchered and then shipped north. this was possible because of refrigerators.
farming in the 1920's was hard, because over production of produce was causing farmers to lose money and later, drought caused them to lose their crops. the U.S. federal government was giving the farmers financial support so they could keep the food supply at a steady pace. But when came the dust bowl, nothing could be grown because when something started growing, a dust storm would ruin it.
He was a civil rights activist, a leader of the American civil rights movement of the 1940s, '50s and '60s, and the initiator and organizer of the 1961 Freedom Ride which eventually led to the desegregration of inter-state busing in the United states.In 1942, Farmer and a group of students co-founded the Committee of Racial Equality, later known as the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), an organization that sought to bring an end to racial segregation in America through active nonviolence. Farmer was the organization's first leader, serving as the national chairman from 1942 to 1944. He held the position as an honorary chairman in the Democratic Socialists of America.
WWI caused immeasurable destruction. Nearly 10 million soldiers died as a result of the war. American deaths numbered 116516. World War I ended on November 11, 1918 with Germany signing on Armistice Day. the peace treaty was signed at the Palace of Versailles in Paris.
On April 6, 1917, the US declared war on Germany. The increase in U-boat activity by Germany; combined with the interception of the Zimmerman telegram, promising Mexico it would regain part of the United States if it entered the war on the German side; caused the fianl American decision to go to war.
He was a Democratic politician from the state of Texas. He represented Texas's 20th congressional district from 1961 to 1999.González served on the San Antonio city council from 1953 to 1956. He was then a member of the Texas state senate from 1956 to 1961. González set the Texas Senate record by filibustering a set of bills on segregation for 22 straight hours.
RMS Lusitania was an ocean liner owned by the Cunard Line and built by John Brown and Company of Clydebank, Scotland. She was torpedoed by the SM U-20, a German U-boat on 7 May 1915 and sank in eighteen minutes, eight miles (15 km) off the Old Head of Kinsale, Ireland, killing 1,198 of the 1,959 people aboard. The sinking turned public opinion in many countries against Germany, and was instrumental in bringing the United States into World War I. The sinking of the Lusitania was a coup for anti-German sentiment and caused great controversy.
World War I was a military conflict that lasted from 1914 to 1918 and involved most of the world's great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (centred around the Triple Entente) and the Central Powers. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. More than 15 million people were killed, making it one of the deadliest conflicts in history. The war is also known as the First World War, the Great War, the World War (prior to the outbreak of World War II), and the War to End All Wars.
He was a Mexican-American physician, surgeon, World War II veteran, civil rights advocate, and founder of the American G.I. Forum.As a result of the national prominence he earned through his work on behalf of Hispanic Americans, he was instrumental in the appointment of Mexican American and American G.I. Forum charter member Vicente Ximenes to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 1966, was named alternate ambassador to the United Nations in 1967, was appointed to the United States Commission on Civil Rights in 1968, was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, in 1984, and was named to the Order of St. Gregory the Great by Pope John Paul II in 1990.
Agrarian to urban is the process that the U.S. took to become a more urbanized country. They made laws that made society better in the urban areas.
Henry Ford was the founder of Ford Motor Company.His introduction of the Model T Automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. Henry became one of the richest and most well Known people in the world.
She was the first secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, first commanding officer of the Women's Army Corps, and chairman of the board of the Houston Post.During World War II she headed the War Department's Women's Interest Section for a short time and then became the Director of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (later the Women's Army Corps), which was created to fill gaps left by a shortage of men.The members of the WAC were the first women other than nurses to be in uniform. Hobby achieved the rank of colonel and received the Distinguished Service Medal for efforts during the war. She was the first woman in the Army to receive this award
oil gusher named after the hill it was placed on. spildeltop sent out an oil gusher, hundreds of feet into the air and made a lake of oil that was nearly a mile around. that day on spindeltop represented a turning piont for texas and the U.S.
In 1900, an unexpected category 5 hurricane struck Galveston island and killed more than 6,000 people.As Galvestonians and the rest of the country mark the centennial of the deadliest hurricane in U.S. history.
Labor unions in the United States are legally recognized as representatives of workers in many industries. Activity by labor unions in the United States today centers on collective bargaining over wages, benefits, and working conditions for their membership and on representing their members if management attempts to violate contract provisions.
The People's Party, also known as the "Populists" was a short-lived political party in the United States established in 1887. The party did not remain a lasting feature most probably because it had been so closely identified with the free silver movement which was not meaningful for urban voters. Currency ceased to become a major issue as the U.S came out of the recession of the 1890s.
He was an American oil tycoon.He was educated at home, and as a teenager traveled to various places before settling in Arkansas, where he was running a cotton plantation by 1912. He had a reputation as a gambler. He ended up making his fortune in the oil business. In 1957 Fortune estimated that he had a fortune of between US $400 million and US $700 million, and was one of the eight richest people in the United States.
James Stephen Hogg was a Texas lawyer, doctor and statesman, and the 20th Governor of Texas. He was born near Rusk, Texas. Hogg was a follower of the conservative New South Creed which became popular following the U.S. Civil War, and was also associated with populism.