Recent Event Highlights: Post War America, Civil War and Reconstruction, Pre-Civil War, and 10 more...
Created by mmann on Sep 27, 2010
Last updated: 09/28/10 at 08:27 AM
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America at the End of the 21st Century Presidents Richard Nixon 1969-1974 Gerald Ford 1974-1977 Jimmy Carter1977-1981 Ronald Regan 1981-1989 George H.W. Bush 1989-1993 Events: 1970 Kent State & Jackson State shootings 1971 26thAmendment 1974 Richard Nixon resigns from office 1972-1974 Watergate Scandal 1973 US Ends Involvement in Vietnam 1981 Ronald Reagen becomes president 1985 Iran-Contra Affair 1989 Berlin Wall Torn Down Bibliography "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. "Richard Nixon." Image. National Archives. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 28 Sept. 2010.
Presidents John F Kennedy 1961-1963 Lyndon B Johnson President 1963-1969 Events 1960 JFK President 1960 First Televised Debate 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis 1963 JFK Assassination/LBJ President 1964 LBJ’s “The Great Society” 1964 Civil Right's Act 1964 Economic Opportunity Act 1965 Voting Rights Act 1965 Malcolm X Assassinated 1967 Kerner Commission 1968 Martin Luther King Assassinated Democracy Democracy was being demanded by the people in the sixties. There was a lot of frustration because of inequality by race, and gender. Many African Americans were protesting, participating in sit-ins and freedom rides in an effort to change segregation in the South. Women were also working towards equal education and job opportunities. The Vietnam War also had a large impact on democracy. Because of the draft, young men were being forced into participating in the Vietnam War, whether they wanted to or not. They were being pulled as young as 18 years old, which was unfair because at the time they were too young to vote, and the voting age was 21. Because of the War the voting age was lowered to 18 years old because it was unfair for a man to have to fight in a war, and not be able to vote on who he wanted the President to be. Bibliography "Kennedy and Nixon debate in 1960." Image. AP/Wide World Photos. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Harry S. Truman 1945-1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1961 Events 1945 End of WWII 1945 Nuremburg Trials 1946 Iron Curtain 1946 Baby Boom 1947 Truman Doctrine 1947 Levittown, NY 1948 Marshall Plan 1948 Berlin Airlift 1949 Soviet Union shows off its first Atom Bomb 1949 NATO 1950 McCarthy Hearings 1950 Korean War 1951 UNIVAC1 1951 22nd Amendment 1953 Korean War Ends 1953 Rosenbergs executed 1954 Brown v. Board of Education 1954 McCarthy Army Hearings 1955 AFL LIO 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott 1956 Interstate Highway 1956Pledge of Allegiance adjusted 1957 Russians launch Sputnik 1958 National Defense Education Act 1958Explorer Space Program 1959 Alaska and Hawaii apply for statehood 1959 Kitchen Debate Democracy Postwar America was a time period that was largely devoted to conserving democracy by fighting communism. After the Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki ending the war, the Truman doctrine was passed in 1947. It stated that the US would give military support to those who needed it from other countries as long as they were fighting against communism. The Marshall plan gave financial support to Europe to help rebuild after World War II. This is because Britain was allies with the US, were committed to the free world, and were also a nation that was under democracy, which is what the United States wanted to spread. In America there was also the Baby Boom, which means that there will be more people to vote, and live in under Democracy in the United States. Bibliography "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. "Rosa Parks at the front of a bus." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010.
Presidents Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 Warren G. Harding 1921-1923 Calvin Coolidge 1923-1929 Herbert Hoover 1929-1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945 Events 1918 Sedition Act 1919 Beginning of WWI 1919 Prohibition 1919 Schenck v. US 1919 Bolshevicks proclaim goal of worldwide communism 1920 Election of 1920 1926 Revenue Act of 1926 1929 Stock market Crashes 1935 Congress passes social Security Act 1935 Banking Act 1939 Depression is declining and WWII starts 1944 D-Day invasion of France 1944 GI Bill 1945 FDR dies 1945 Truman becomes president 1945 Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki 1945 End of WWII- Germany (May) and Japan (Sept.) surrender. Democracy After the first World War, the Great Depression struck America following the crash of the stock market. During this time the presidents were not very helpful to the Americans because government had never really economically intervened with the citizens. The citizens wanted someone who was going to help them out of the horrible situation, so they decided to vote for Franklin Roosevelt, who promised the new deal. By declaring a four day bank holiday and the social security act he tried to turn the country's financial situation around. This was the first time the government intervened to help the citizens, and it was what the citizens wanted, which was displayed by the citizens voting for Roosevelt. Bibliography "D-Day (Battle of Normandy)." Image. National Archives. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893 Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 William McKinley 1897-1901 Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909 William Howard Taft 1909-1913 Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 Events 1901 McKinley is assassinated 1906 Meat Inspection Act 1909 NAACP established 1913 16th Amendment-income tax 1913 17th : Direct Election of Senators 1913 The Federal Reserve Act 1916 The Child Labor Act 1916 Farm Loan Act. 1917 Espionage Act 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia Democracy During the Progressivism Era the direct election of senators, amendment 17, is an example of democracy. The direct election of senators gives the people direct control of who their representatives are and by passing the 17thAmendment, more people are allowed to voice their decisions on how they want the government to work. Education was very important during this era, and education laws helped raise the literacy rate in African Americans. Education is important in a democracy because the people need to be educated in order to make good decisions on who to vote for. Bibliography "Cotton mills." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 15 Sept. 2010. "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of Learning. September 26, 2010. .
Presidents Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881 James A. Garfield 1881 Chester Arthur 1881-1885 Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 Benjamin Harrison1889-1893 Events: 1880 Massachusetts is the first state to reenact "Blue Laws" 1881 Garfield's assassination 1884 New York is the first state to adopt a civil service system for state workers 1885 Massachusetts starts merit system 1885 United States is the world's low cost, high volume manufacturer. 1887 The Interstate Commerce Act 1890 The Sherman Anti-Trust Act Democracy The Gilded Age was a time where the businesses in the United States acted selfishly and were corrupt. There were problems with the not only bad things came out of the gilded age. The Pendleton Act was made is so government jobs were awarded based on merit. This means that people will not be judged on who they are, just what they are capable of. This is good because it ensures that the people who work in government that are not voted on by the people are the best people for the job. Bibliography "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. "Rutherford B. Hayes." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 27 Sept. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of Learning. September 26, 2010. .
Presidents: Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865 Andrew Johnson 1865-1869 Ulysses S Grant 1869-1877 Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881 Events: 1860 Lincoln Elected 1860 Seven most Southern States Secede Feb 1861 Ft. Sumter, first shots of the Civil War Jan 1 1863 Emancipation Proclamation July 1-3 1863 Gettysburg Address 1863 Lincolns Ten Percent Plan April 1865 Lee Surrenders 1865 Presidential Reconstruction April 1865 Lincoln Assassinated 1865 13th Amendment 1866 Congressional Reconstruction 1868 14th Amendment 1870 15th Amendment 1877 Compromise of 1877 Democracy During the Civil war and Reconstruction era there was an expansion of democracy. After the Civil War all slaves were freed, and in 1870 citizens got the right to vote regardless of color because of the 15th Amendment. But, in the Compromise of 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes was elected president as long as he promised to end reconstruction in the South. This was not good for democracy in the south because although slaves had the right to vote, they had a hard time doing so because of all the ridiculous tests that were put into effect. By preventing African Americans to vote in the south there was not democracy for all. Bibliography "Abraham Lincoln." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010.
Presidents William Henry Harrison 1841 John Tyler 1841-1845 James K. Polk 1845-1849 Zachary Taylor 1849-1850 Millard Fillmore 1850-1853 Franklin Pierce 1853-1857 James Buchanan 1857-1861 Events: 1845 Texas admitted to Union as slave state 1846 to 1848 Mexican-American War 1848 Seneca Falls Convention 1850 Compromise of 1850 1850 Fugitive Slave Law 1852 Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act 1855 to 1856 Bleeding Kansas 1857 Dred Scott v. Sanford 1859 John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry Democracy The Seneca falls convention was an event that happened during the Pre-Civil War Era, that showed people starting to fight for their rights. During the Convention the people made a Declaration Statement that argued the need for equal rights for men and women. Another issue in during the pre civil war era was the existence of slavery in the south. Slavery is very anti democratic because it does not give the all people power and say in the government. The people who are enslaved are Americans, and because they have no say in government, they don’t have the opportunity to change their situation. Bibliography "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. "Seneca Falls Convention." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010.
Presidents: Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 Martin Van Buren 1837-1841 Events: 1828 Election of 1828 1832 Jackson Reelection 1833 Martin Van Buren is President 1840 Almost Universal white male suffrage Democracy: By 1840 there was almost universal suffrage for white males. This shows the expansion of democracy because there are a lot more people that are able to vote in the united states. Before a lot of restrictions were on voters, and one of the restrictions on voters were that they had to be property owners. Because these restrictions were made unnecessary democracy was now expanding, and more Americans had a say in how they wanted the country to be run. This was an expansion of democracy, but democracy still had a way to go because women, and people of other races were not allowed to vote. Citation "Andrew Jackson." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of Learning. September 26, 2010. .
Presidents Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 James Madison 1809-1817 James Monroe 1817-1825 John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 Events 1800 Election of 1800 1801 John Marshall is Chief of Supreme Court 1803 LA Purchase 1804 12th Amendment 1804 Lewis and Clark 1807 Embargo that prohibits trade between France and Great Britain with the US 1808 Prohibition of African slave trade 1812 War of 1812 1820 MO Compromise 1832 Monroe Doctrine 1824 Jackson Runs for Presidency; Corrupt bargain between John Quincy Adams and Clay Democracy Democracy in the United States is put through its first test, and democracy survives in the Jeffersonian Era. Thomas Jefferson was the first non federalist to be elected in the United States, which means he was the first President who really wanted there to be more power for the people, and less power in the central government. Before Jefferson was elected President, he was tied with Aaron Burr. Burr was not willing to resign his position, and had the support of the Federalists, while Jefferson had the support of the Republicans. The tie sent the vote up to congress, which was also evenly split. Eventually a member of Congress, James Bayard, changed his vote to Jefferson because it was what his state wanted. This is democracy because the people in Congress are supposed to act by what the people of their state, the people who voted for them, would want. This was also an important time in history because although there was a shift of power between political parties, there was no bloodshed. Bibliography "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of Learning. September 26, 2010. . "Thomas Jefferson." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010.
Presidents George Washington 1789-1797 John Adams 1797-1801 Events 1789 George Washington Elected President 1789 Jefferson appointed Secretary of State 1789 Hamilton appointed Secretary of Treasurer 1790 Beginning of political parties 1791 Bill of rights 1793 Thomas Jefferson resigns as secretary of state 1796 Washington rejects 3rd Term 1796 Election of Adams v. Jefferson 1798 quasi-war with France 1798 Naturalization Act 1978 Alien Act 1798 Sedition Act 1789 Virginia-Kentucky Resolution Democracy During the New Nation, also known as the formative decade, there were many changes. When John Adams was first elected president in 1796 he did not act in a democratic way. Examples of this is the Alien Act and Sedition act of 1798. The Alien Act gave the President the right to kick out any non citizen he wanted from the United States, and the Sedition Act gave the president the right to imprison anyone who says bad things about the government. This is not democratic because it is gives the president a large amount of individual power, which is basically what a king does, and he doesn’t have to consult the people , which is just about how a monarchy works. But, During this time period the bill of rights was also in effect, and that included freedom of speech, right to petition, and right to assembly. Bibliography "George Washington." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010. . "Presidents of the United States, 1789 to Present." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2010.
Presidents NONE Events 1783 Peace treaty with Britain 1786 Escalating debate between Federalists 1787 Us Constitution written 1788 US Constitution ratified by 9 states and becomes a law 1789 George Washington elected first President of the USA 1789 First Congress met in New York, NY 1791 Bill of rights Democracy During the Constitution Era democracy is really forming. The Constitution divided governmental powers giving the state and the nation separate power, which is called federalism. The power between the state and the national government both have restrictions. The national government's power is divided into three branches which are the executive, legislative, and judicial. This was also democracy because each of these branches have its own set of checks and balances for the other branches, ensuring there will not be too much central power in any one area. The process of electing these officials is also in the constitution, which is really power by the people because they are choosing who they want to represent them. The Bill of rights, which are the first 10 amendments to the constitution ratified, were made to ensure individual liberties were safe from the government, which shows the people making sure their rights are protected from the governments power. Bibliography "First page of the Constitution." Image. National Archives. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. 2010. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of Learning. September 26, 2010. .
Presidents NONE Events 1754 War between Britain and France known as the Seven Years’ War 1763 End of Seven Years’ War 1764 Sugar 1764 Currency Act 1764 Stamp Act 1765 Quartering Act 1765 Declaratory Act 1770Boston Massacre 1773 Tea Act and Boston Tea Party 1774 Coercive Act 1774 First Continental Congress in Philadelphia 1775 Start of Revolution 1775 Second Continental Congress May 1776 Declaration of Independence Signed 1783 Final Peace Treaty Signed Democracy At this point, there is no democracy. The only thing the people know is that they don’t like living under a monarchy where the king has all the power. Their dislike of the monarchy and hierarchical for of government is partly what made them decide to move to the colonies. They wanted the people to have control of the government, which is part of the early republicanism ideology. But, the people of the new colonies didn’t have a lot of time to worry about the forms of government because they were too busy trying to survive. They were living in a complete new environment, and they had to think about surviving. In the new colonies there are no titles, so everyone is on the same level, and they are all equally open to the new threats such as starvation, diseases, and the native population. Bibliography "Boston Tea Party." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010. .