Created by msbroadheadsclass2 on Apr 13, 2010
Last updated: 04/20/10 at 06:29 PM
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On April 5, 1865 General Robert E. Lee surrendered and ended the war. Rober E. Lee was dressed in full uniform. He was dressed very proper but Grant was dressed in his torn battle uniform. They were both very nice. After General Lee signed his name the war ended.
The Yankees sent a force of calvary to attack and destroy the City of Tuscaloosa. There was no army to defend the City. The Yankees crossed the Black Warrior River on a bridge at the foot of Greensboro Avenue. The University of Alabama was being used as an academy to train officers for the Confederate army. The President of the University called out the cadets in college. The cadets tried to stop the Yankee calvary, but were outnumbered and young. So, the cadets retreated through the City and left the town open to the Union troops. The Yankees burned all of the University, except for four buildings. The building left were the President's Mansion, the little round house, the observatory, and Gorgas house.
General Sherman started to move south. He had many attacks by the Confederates but he was too strong. Sherman was invincable. He could not be stopped. He kept marching south destroying everything in his path. He even destroyed Atlanta, Georgia. He could have taken out the whole south, but general Robert E. Lee signed the document of surrender before he could.
The battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the war. It was also the bloodiest battle of the war. More people died in the first hour than the whole D-Day invasion. There was a rumor that the Confederates whent to Gettysburg to get shoes. When they got there both sides knew the other was there but they didn't know were. The battle lasted 3 days. It was a great victory for the Union.
Grant wanted to take Vicksburg. He said that it was the nail that holds the Confederacy together. He attacked several times to take Vicksburg while attcking several different confederate groups ,but he was unsuccesful. Finally Grant sailed his army past the city of Vicksburg. He landed his troops on the east shore of the Mississippi without the Rebels knowing about the landing. Then, he marched his troops to Jackson and cut off Vicksburg so that the Rebels could not send more troops to Vicksburg. Grant then had his army attack the Rebel troops in the City of Vicksburg. The Rebels were pinned down because Grant surrounded Vicksburg on the land, and the Yankee navy had ships on the Mississippi River. Still, the Rebels refused to surrender. Day after day for weeks, the Yankees blasted cannonballs into the Rebel army inside Vicksburg. The people living in Vicksburg and the Southern troops ran out of food. The Rebels were starving to death. Finally the Rebel General Pemberton surrendered the entire Southern army to General Grant on July 4, 1863.
Presidant Abraham Lincoln signed The Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1863. The Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in the Confederate States. It also allowed blacks to join the Union army. Although it didn't work much it hurt the Confederates very bad.
The south marched into Union territory at Sharpsburg. The south hoped that a victory in Union territory would convince France and England to join thier side of the war. McClellan followed Lee's army. On September 13 near one of the south's camps McClellan found rapped in cigars Lee's plans. It was were thier lines were there weaknesses. It was big. The fighting began on September 17. Soldiers fought for 14 hours. Antietam was known as the bloodiest single day battle of the Civil War. Though both sides suffered heavey loses the Union "claimed" to have won.
General Albert Sidney Johnston attacked the Union troops' camps. They were faced with un armed men and some even half dressed! They easily pushed through. Then they attacked another colum. The Union colum was destroyed. Soon General Johnston was shot in the boot and blead to death. Both sides lost there generals. The battle was sever for both sides. The south won.
The Rebels army under General Albert Sidney Johnston attacked the Union army camped on the Tennessee River. The Rebels caught the Yankees unprepared and sleeping early in the morning. The Yankees retreated and lost thousands of men. The toughest part of the battle was at the Hornet's Nest. The Rebels almost won the battle, but General Grant made his last stand at Pittsburgh Landing along the river. During the first day of the battle, General Johnston was shot in the leg and bled to death. General Beaugerard took charge of the Confederate army. At night the Union army got reinforcements from another Union army. The second day of the battle, the Yankees attacked the Confederates and made the Rebels retreat. So, the battle ended with the Rebels retreating back to Corinth, Mississippi. At the time of the battle, the Battle of Shiloh had the highest number of dead and wounded in the war.
General Beauregard(south)got a note from a spy that the Union were marching torward Richmond. He immediately acted to this. He went to the river of Bull Run and formed an eight mile wide line. The Union attacked. They were both inexperianced. Civilians had picnicks at the battle field expecting an easy victory for the Union. The Union stunned the south. General McDowell congratulated his generals on an easy victory, but the south gaind ground and scared the north. They started losing so many men that they ended up running past the picnickers. THe picnickers were scared of getting in crossfire that they started running with the Union. This was a big victory for the Confederacy and a big amberassment for the Union.
The Union took a fort that was controlled by the Confederates. The south was really ticked off. They in ships and sailed to the fort. They bombarded it. The north couldn't do anything. They finally surrendered. There was only one casulty. A Union soldier was hit in the chest with the push of the cannon they fired off at the surrendering seramony.