This timeline covers information on the Renaissance for review for the AP Modern European History test.
Created by mtoomey on 25/04/2011
Last updated: 25/04/11 at 21:11
A popular book that described the ideals expected of an aristocrat in the 1500s: good character, noble birth, talents, achievements, classical education, involved in the arts...
Spanish king Charles I attacks Rome and temporarily ends the Italian wars. Italy is dominated by Spain.
Machiavelli, a Florentine diplomat, wrote The Prince, using his concern for Italy's political problems and his knowledge of ancient Rome to express his views on how rulers should maintain power over their states.
The conflict in Italy between the Valois and Habsburg dynasties continues in Italy by a new generation: Francis I of France and Charles I of Spain.
Fresco of the classical philosophers
glorifies the human body in the spirit of Renaissance humanism
Ludovico Sforza of Milan invited French king Charles VIII to intervene in Italian politics. Charles took this chance to invade and occupy Naples. The Spanish were asked to intervene, followed by 15 years of war between France and Spain for dominion over Italy.
Henry Tudor defeats Richard III and establishes the Tudor dynasty with a strong monarchical government, ending private wars of nobility, and using diplomacy to end wars. He left England with a stable and successful government.
Northern Renaissance artist influenced by the Italian Renaissance. Used laws of perspective and proportion as well as attention to detail that was characteristic of the Northern Renaissance.
The marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon strengthened the monarchy in Spain. Instead of aristocrats, they appointed middle-class lawyers to the royal council. They developed a strong military and aimed for religious uniformity in Catholicism.
An agreement signed by all of the Italian states, ending almost half a century of war. This created an alliance system to maintain a balance of power in Italy, but did not create lasting cooperation.
Sultan Mehmet II attacked Constantinople
Artistic genius of the High Renaissance. He moved art from a focus on realistic portrayal to idealized forms.
Johannes Gutenberg developed the technique of printing with movable type. As more printing presses were established, new ideas were spread and more people became literate.
In England, a conflict between the ducal houses of Lancaster and York.
Celebrated Florentine victory over Milan
Brunelleschi developed new building techniques and machinery to create a dome for the unfinished Cathedral of Florence.
an attempt to deal with the heresy of John Hus, who called for reform in the Church to eliminate corruption. He was burned at the stake in 1415.
More than any other, Petrarch influenced humanism by characterizing the Middle Ages as a period of darkness, and reviving interest in the classics and secularism, using Virgil and Cicero as models for new literature.