Maddy's personal timeline, a place to collect and share things from Maddy's life.
Created by mwilliams on Jul 21, 2010
Last updated: 07/22/10 at 07:19 PM
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General MacArthur and Allied representatives accepted Japan's formal surrender.
Japanese emperor delived a radio message of surrender.
An aircraft targeted for Kokura but hit Nagasaki killed 36,000 with it's atomic bomb.
A bomber named Enola Gay released a 5 ton uranium bomb, which killed 80,000 people from the shock wave, firestorm, cyclonic winds, and radioactive rain, and by the end of teh year, 140,000 died because of the bomb.
British, American, and the Chinese demanded Japan to surrender or else there will be "prompt and utter destruction"
60+ cities destroyed, 500,000 deaths, and 13 million Japanese homeless
Victory celebration because of Germany's surrender. Americans have mixed feelings because their president had just died.
Germany signs an unconditional surrender in Reims.
Berlin fell to the Soviets and Germany forces surrender in Italy.
Hitler married his mistress in Berlin and then killed her and himself.
Italian partisans captured a fleeing Mussolini and brutally killed him.
His health was declining in 1944 until his death in 1945 from cerebal hemorrhage.
Americans began fighting in Okinawa, Japan on Easter Sunday. Fighting lasted until June.
Firebomb raids in Tokyo killed 100,00 civillians and left over 1 million homeless
American Marines invaded Iwo Jima, Japan
The Big Three, America, Soviets, and Britain, met again in Yalta, Russia to discuss the future boundaries of all countries involved in the war. Roosevelt's two goals: to persuade the Soviet Union to join the war against Japan, and to teach the lessons he learned from the previous World War. Soviets earn control of eastern Germany, part of Berlin, and part of Vienna, while the Allies controlled the rich industrial areas of western Germany, part of Berlin.
This was a part of the Battle of the Bulge. Nazis were not able to hold back the Soviets on the Eastern front. Hitler's last forces were detroyed, leaving Germany open for attack.
Germans surprise attacked Allied forces at Ardennes Forest. The Nazis advanced along the Allied territory in Belgium and Luxembourg. Allied forces attacked Germans from the air while they were stationed at Bestogne.
Americans started bombing cities and civilians(which became more aacepting in 1944) and destroyed the Japanese navy
MacArthur's forces landed first on the island of Leyte. A couple days later three encounters came to be known as the Battle of Leyte Gulf, which was known as the largest naval engagement in history. The Japanese lost most of their remaining sea power and the ability to defend the Philippines.
The defeat of the Battle of the Philippine Sea convinced Tojo, the Japanese general, that they had been defeated. He and his entire cabinet resigned.
By 1944, Poland's government officials had set up a government in London after fleeing their country in 1939 when Russia nad Germany invaded. The Soviets refused to recognize this government in London.
Before his death, Roosevelt set up the War Refugees Board for Jews and others who were persecuted under Hitler. It rescued 200, 000 Jews and 20, 000 others.
In the 1944 election the Republican candidate was Thomas E. Dewey and the Democratic candidate was President Roosevelt. Roosevelt won the election beginning his fourth term.
The Naval admiral Nimitz advanced through the Pacific and first to the Gilbert Islands, where 4,000 Japanese soldiers died and only 1,000 U.S. died. By the end of the battle U.S. secured the Mariana Islands.
General MacArthur's plan was to move his forces westward along the northern coast of New Guinea toward the Phillipines and eventually to Tokyo. American bombers sank 8 Japanese troopships and 10 warships. By the end of 1943 MacArthur's forces controlled the northern coast of New Guinea
U.S. and Australia under General MacArthur pushed Japanese forces out of their positions and secured eastern New Guinea.
The U.S. First Marine Division seized the Guadalcanal
In the southwest Pacific the Japanese began building an airstrip at Guadalcanal, so that they could attack Allied transportation routes to Australia
President Rooselvelt started a project with 120,000 sccientists and technicians to work on the construction of the bomb