Created by nzheng on Feb 23, 2009
Last updated: 03/09/09 at 12:34 AM
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Prime Minister John Howard, his Liberal Party and past leaders of Australia refused to apologise for this "stolen generation" of Aboriginal history. But however when John Howard lost the election of Prime Minister and Kevin Rudd took over, he made a promise to make this a formal apology to all the Aboriginals that were affected by this era. Kevin Rudd set a date for this formal apology on the 13th Feburary. As this apology was read out, there were so many emotions released thoughout the nation. Thousands of Australian Aboriginals gathered together in Canberra to watch this historical event, and it was also broadcast through television at special outdoor settings where remote Aboriginal communties were.
Natalie was born on Sunday 18th December, one week exactly before Christmas at Box Hill hospital.
Gough Whitlam's opposition party leader was Malcolm Fraser. Gough Whitlam lead the nation from 1972 through to 1975. Whitlam was the one who introduced medicare that is still an important running medical system to this day.
The Sydney Opera house is a World renouned tourist attraction, that is situated at Bennelong Point in Sydney Harbour. This house is used as a performing arts centre. The designer was a Danish man by the name of Jørn Utzon, he passed away on 29th November 2008, at the ripe old age of 90.
During the time, when the Melbourne Olympic games were held, there were two political conflicting events that were happening in other parts of the world. The Netherlands, Spain, and Switzerland boycotted the Games to protest the Soviet Union's (now has split into many different independent countires) invasion of Budapest, Hungary in order to defeat an uprising. Iraq,Egypt and Lebanon boycotted the Olympic Games to protest about the invasion of Egypt by Israel. These two conflicts contributed to the attendence in both athletes their countires and supporters. The number of athletes counted were 3,500 athletes from 57 countries. Another factor for the poor attendance was due to the placement of the Olympics, it was a difficult place to get to, due to the distance to get to Australia. These Olympic Games were the first held in the Southern Hemisphere.
The Cold War was after World War 2, and it was mainly between America and the USSR( it was also known as the soviet union, but now it has divided into many different countiries such as Ukraine, Georgia and Russia). Before this war America and the USSR were total ememies towards each other. In the World War 2 war they fought as allies. These two sides however, did not fight each other in own "home territory/countiries", but did infact fight for their own beliefs using "client states". For example with the Vietnam war, America and the USSR fought for the communnist issues that they belived in and supplied and helped the side they believed in.
It was in 1922 that the idea of Vegemite was invented. Fred Walkers cheese company along with a chemist who worked there, by the name Dr Cyril P Callister invented a spread that was high in vitamin B. This spread is made on the basis of brewer's yeast, which is very high in vitamin B. In 1923 Fred Walkers cheese company had started to think about advertising and selling this particular product. They had a competition running for someone to think up a name for it. if the name you had thought up was a finalist you would win 50 pounds. Vegemite was not only advertised as something to put on to some toast or in a sandwich but also could be used for improving the flavour of soups, gravies and stews. At first vegemite was not a popular spread, but now it is a very popular spread with most households in Australia having it as an essential item in the pantry.
Transporting convicts to Australia stopped on 10 of January in 1868. The place of the last transportation of convicts was in Western Australia.
Captain Arthur Phillip set sail from Portsmouth with 11 vessels. He arrived in New South Wales with 717 convicts on board. On the 26th January (Australia Day) 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip hoisted the English plag up in Botany Bay, in New South Wales. There is a monument placed at Brighton Le Sands, Sydney, where it overlooks onto Botany Bay. It is called The Bicentennial Monument, which commemorates the arrival of the First Fleet and it lists the names of those people who arrived at Botany Bay in 1788.