Recent Event Highlights: Ochsner Celebrates Its 70th Anniversary, Ochsner Medical Center Wins the Thomson Reuters 100 Top Hospitals National Benchmark Study, Ochsner Health System Expanded its Presence North of Lake Pontchartrain , The University of Queensland School of Medicine-Ochsner Clinical School was Opened, Ochsner Medical Center Baton Rouge Established , Ochsner Purchased its Second Hospital, and 23 more...
Created by ochsnerhealthsystem on May 7, 2012
Last updated: 06/07/12 at 09:58 AM
Tags: Health History Ochnser
Founded in 1942, Ochsner celebrates its 70th Anniversary in 2012. Pictured is Dr. Alton Ochsner's son, Dr. John Ochsner.
Ochsner was named one of the American Association of Retired Person’s Best Employers for Workers over 50 in 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2011.
Ochsner was selected the Consumer Choice for Healthcare in New Orleans for the 16th consecutive year. This award by the National Research Corporation (NRC) identifies the most-preferred hospitals in more than 100 U.S. markets.
Ochsner Medical Center was named a Thomson Reuters 100 Top Hospitals National Benchmark Study winner. Ochsner Medical Center was also named an Everest Award winner and one of only 15 of the 2011 Major Teaching Hospitals award winners.
Ochsner was granted the full 6-year accreditation for The University of Queensland School of Medicine-Ochsner Clinical School by the Australian Medical Council (AMC). This accreditation establishes the fourth medical school in the State of Louisiana and will soon graduate 120 more physicians from the medical school in Louisiana each year.
Ochsner Health System began its deployment of Epic’s industry-leading electronic medical record (EMR) software, EpicCare, across its 8 hospitals and 38 health centers. Epic takes Ochsner’s 15 years of experience with EMRs to the next level and integrates more than 38 clinical, scheduling, and billing systems across the organization. Epic will allow Ochsner to streamline patient care, improve patient outcomes, and empower patients to be actively engaged in their healthcare.
Ochsner Health System expanded its presence north of Lake Pontchartrain by purchasing the NorthShore Regional Medical Center, the ambulatory surgery center, and the related properties on the hospital campus in Slidell, Louisiana. This purchase increased the Ochsner Health System facilities to 8 hospitals serving Southeast Louisiana residents.
Over the last 11 years, U.S. News and World Report has consistently named Ochsner Medical Center one of America’s best hospitals, citing the hospital for exceptional delivery of medical care in various categories.
The Jefferson Highway campus expanded and completed the Gayle and Tom Benson Cancer Center, greatly increasing capacity to provide the latest oncologic services and to participate in cooperative studies. This center provides bone marrow and stem cell transplantation.
Thanks to the leadership of Dr. William Pinsky, Executive Vice President and Chief Academic Officer, The University of Queensland School of Medicine-Ochsner Clinical School was opened. This unique joint affiliation provides U.S. medical students with an unprecedented training experience. Students complete 2 years of preclinical training in Brisbane, Australia, followed by 2 years of clinical training at Ochsner Health System. Australian medical students may also spend part of their third and fourth years at Ochsner, benefitting from the institution’s rich legacy through training in a variety of medical specialties, participating in research opportunities, and doing core rotations.
Ochsner entered a partnership with St. Anne’s Hospital in Raceland, and the hospital was renamed Ochsner St. Anne General Hospital.
Summit Hospital of Baton Rouge was renamed Ochsner Medical Center Baton Rouge after Ochsner assumed full ownership of the facility.
Ochsner acquired three hospitals: Meadowcrest Hospital (West Bank), Kenner Regional (Kenner), and Baptist Memorial Hospital (Uptown). These hospitals were renamed Ochsner Medical Center -West Bank Campus, Ochsner Medical Center -Kenner, and Ochsner Baptist Medical Center.
Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans. Ochsner survived largely intact thanks to united management teams, strategic planning, a fortuitous location, and geographic diversity. Ochsner Health System was able to continue providing care to the community, facilitated by an effective communications network and the electronic medical record system, OCW, through the use of facilities outside New Orleans. Ochsner Clinic Baton Rouge served as headquarters/coordinating center, and patients and clinical staff were transported to and from New Orleans. With more than a little luck and the relentless help of devoted employees and professionals, many of whom lost everything in the floods and made personal sacrifices, Ochsner Health System served as a beacon of hope and strength for New Orleans as it slowly began rebuilding efforts.
Ochsner Health System (OHS) sold Ochsner Health Plan to Humana, retaining close ties between the insurance plan and OHS for provision of services to their insured population. Ochsner purchased its second hospital: Elmwood Hospital.
Under the guidance of Chief Nursing Officer Nancy Davis, Ochsner Medical Center achieved the Magnet Recognition for Excellence in Nursing Services from the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) and was redesignated in 2009. Only 4% of the hospitals in the nation hold the magnet designation. This designation confirms Ochsner as one of the best hospitals for nurses to practice their profession.
Named after benefactor Mrs. Lieselotte Tansey of Selle, Germany, the Breast Center opened to support outpatient breast diagnostic services with consultation services for breast diseases. The center is a multidisciplinary practice where patients can have tests, see their physicians, and rapidly obtain their diagnoses and treatment plan in one convenient location.
Ochsner built a new Emergency-Critical Care Tower to provide more capacity in the original hospital building. The Critical Care Tower housed the Emergency Care Department, 10 new operating rooms for the most complex cases, and 4 patient care floors with critical care facilities for organ, bone marrow, and stem cell transplantation patients and medical, surgical, and cardiac critical care.
The Ochsner Heart and Vascular Institute introduced the use of the first Class 2 FDA-approved home monitoring device that allowed patients an affordable daily doctor visit without leaving their homes. Of the 282 U.S. transplant centers, Ochsner was one of only 6 to achieve its 500th heart transplant.
The Ochsner Journal was founded and the Ochsner Archives was officially established in the Medical Library.
The third attempt at unification of Ochsner Clinic and Alton Ochsner Medical Foundation proved successful. Dr. Frank A. Riddick, CEO of the Foundation, and Dr. Patrick Quinlan, CEO of Ochsner Clinic, dedicated 2 years of tireless work to negotiation between all parties. On August 31, 2001, the clinic and the foundation finally agreed to consolidate into a single organization, the not-for-profit Ochsner Clinic Foundation, later designated the Ochsner Health System, with Dr. Patrick Quinlan as chief executive officer and a unified board from the predecessor organizations. The unified organization with a single decision-making body and single management structure was viewed as essential to function and succeed in a changing medical and economic environment by eliminating duplicative and sometimes competing management, governing, and operating structures.
The Ochsner Biomedical Research Building opened to house state-of-the art laboratories on the Jefferson Highway campus. In 2010, this building was repurposed for cancer services and renamed the Gayle and Tom Benson Cancer Center. This single point for service provides a patient-friendly chemotherapy environment. The laboratories in this building continue to conduct research.
Ochsner further expanded its reach by adding major multidisciplinary satellite clinics throughout the region to areas such as Lapalco, Covington, Ochsner Pediatrics – Rothchild, Baton Rouge, and Tangipahoa. At the Jefferson Highway campus, the atrium tower was built to connect the parking garage to the Primary Care Center, Musculoskeletal Center, and Digestive Diseases Center, as well as to radiology and laboratory services for the convenience and ease of patients.
Ochsner’s philosophy to always encourage health and wellness preventive care served as the impetus for the purchase of Elmwood Fitness Center. To promote healthy exercise habits and rehabilitation, Ochsner promoted the fitness center to all of its patients.
Ochsner saw its first quadruplet birth: two boys and two girls. They were the first set of surviving quadruplets on record ever to be born in the state of Louisiana. It is believed that the quads were the fifth set born in the world as a result of in vitro fertilization.
Innovative medical technologies and therapies were introduced such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), gene therapy, and advanced chemotherapy. These new technologies helped Ochsner Foundation Hospital become an attractive teaching hospital for postgraduate medical education and research participants. Ochsner continued to support one of the largest non-university-affiliated graduate medical education programs in the nation.
D. Richard Re led the Division of Research with a major building expansion driven by the need to support medical training, patient care, and scholarship in a variety of medical disciplines. The laboratories of cellular immunology, hepatology, hypertension, molecular immunogenetics, molecular oncology, and molecular genetics continue to provide intellectual insights to scientists and physicians, contribute important scientific breakthroughs, and directly and indirectly improve the quality of care provided to patients at Ochsner and elsewhere.
Under the leadership of Dr. Michael Sullivan, Ochsner provided community outreach on a global stage by participating in the New Orleans World’s Fair. Ochsner showcased a 40-foot-high model of the human heart, pulsing with light to the accompaniment of the deep, slow sound of a heartbeat. In addition, a 5,000-square-foot medical facility staffed by Ochsner physicians and nurses administered emergency medical care to the visitors attending the World’s Fair.
The Ochsner Cancer Institute was established, and Ochsner joined the Community Clinical Oncology Program sponsored by the National Cancer Institute. Ochsner continues to be a major participant in a large number of multi-institutional protocols and clinical trials addressing an array of therapeutic approaches to specific malignancies.
The institution mourned the death of Dr. Alton Ochsner.
Primary care services were emphasized and developed through a network of neighborhood, suburban, and regional facilities in Metairie, Kenner, West Bank, the North Shore and other strategic sites. Simultaneously and synergistically with the development of these satellites, Ochsner Health Plan was chartered by Ochsner Clinic and Ochsner Foundation Hospital in 1985 and offered prepaid care. This managed care method allowed the clinic patient base to expand, and health plan enrollment eventually exceeded 200,000 subscribers. When the Medicare program offered a prepayment option, Ochsner Health Plan incorporated this offering to accommodate the older generations of patients Ochsner served.
The hospital and clinic embraced more innovative procedures such as the latest cardiovascular angiographic and therapeutic procedures. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) techniques were added to therapy for newborns.
Leonard J. Chabert Hospital opened in Houma, Louisiana, as part of Louisiana’s charity hospital system. Under Dr. Frank A. Riddick’s leadership, Ochsner’s graduate medical education programs developed a strong affiliation with Chabert. This facility gave the residents learning opportunities to care for patients within the charity system. With guidance and oversight from the Ochsner Clinic, South Louisiana Medical Associates was developed as a group practice that contracted with the State of Louisiana to provide senior staff supervision of hospital activities, patient care, and medical education.
Dr. Edward Frohlich joined Ochsner as the Director of the Division of Research. Over the ensuing decades, his laboratory and clinical investigations, educational programs, and therapeutic innovations kept Ochsner at the forefront of excellence in the management of hypertensive diseases. For years, he also served as the editor-in-chief of Hypertension, a major medical journal.
With physicians and administrative leaders who had the vision to apply the art of science and technology to medicine, such as Dr. Lynn Witherspoon, computer or system projects played an increasing role in the delivery of exceptional patient care across the growing network of Ochsner facilities. Integration of computerization spread from traditional business applications to patient care and development of the electronic medical record.
Dr. John Ochsner implanted a heart pacemaker in the youngest patient ever. The 9-pound, 2-ounce recipient was only 18 hours old. Ochsner’s first liver transplant later that year led to the growth of Ochsner Foundation Hospital’s multi-organ transplant program: liver, pancreas, lung, and heart-lung. With these programs, Ochsner Foundation Hospital was recognized as a national leader in the field. Concomitantly, Ochsner played a large part in the creation and support of the Louisiana Organ Procurement Agency (LOPA).
Dr. John Ochsner performed the first heart transplant in the region.
New technologies and techniques were added to enhance patient care and services: radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, computed tomography (CT), standalone intensive care unit (ICU), coronary care unit (CCU), neonatal intensive care unit, (NICU), newborn transport system, acute and long-term hemodialysis for renal failure, the first successful adult kidney transplant, pediatric kidney transplant, and the cobalt therapy unit.
The clinic’s location in Uptown New Orleans became problematic as the clinic staff lost valuable hours in transit and patients were inconvenienced. The Ochsner Clinic joined Ochsner Foundation Hospital in a modern facility adjacent to and communicating with the hospital. The colocation resulted in greater efficiencies by concentrating physicians, laboratories, and hospital facilities at a single site. Patient volumes increased and the staff expanded.
Ochsner’s long involvement in research that focused on the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer is attributed to Dr. Albert Segaloff’s pioneering work in steroid chemistry that related estrogens to breast cancer. His research was recognized internationally and received major financial support from the National Cancer Institute and the pharmaceutical industry. Dr. Segaloff’s research provided a solid foundation for the development of oncology programs at Ochsner.
Medical research continued to thrive with the establishment of cardiovascular diagnostic laboratories, inspiring new techniques and innovations that paved the way for future coronary vessel surgeries, open heart surgeries, the first heart-valve replacement, pacemaker implants, heart transplants*, and lung transplants. These innovations allowed the next generation of physicians—Akky (Alton Jr.) and John Ochsner, who both trained under Dr. Michael DeBakey—and others to reach new heights in cardiovascular medicine. *The first heart transplant occurred in 1970.
Since the early days, Ochsner physicians have been committed to medical research and scholarly activity. The first research laboratory building was opened to consolidate the animal laboratories.
On a clear, hot Saturday—June 12, 1954—staff doctors loaded 72 of the patients at Splinter Village into their personal automobiles and drove 2 miles along Jefferson Highway to the new Ochsner Foundation Hospital. The hospital offered the region’s first heliport in 1955. The Brent House Hotel, formerly the Jefferson Hotel, also opened that year offering accommodations for long-term patients and their families.
Drs. William Arrowsmith and William D. Davis developed and described the first effective treatment by repeated phlebotomy for the iron overload occurring in hemochromatosis. This treatment remains the basis for management of the disease.
The current Jefferson Highway site, previously a riding academy, was selected for the “new” Ochsner Foundation Hospital. The 21 acres were purchased from the Illinois Central Railroad for $126,000 using philanthropic funding. The new hospital’s construction was funded in part by the Hill-Burton Act.
There was a critical shortage of hospital space in New Orleans. It was also evident that the Foundation’s programs of graduate medical education, research, and charity work could not be carried out without a hospital. As the trustees continued to raise funds to build a new hospital, they decided to acquire the base hospital at Camp Plauche, a U.S. Army installation that closed after WW II. This facility was comprised of 53 frame buildings with only two private rooms. Although named Foundation Hospital, it became affectionately known as “Splinter Village” to its staff.
The Alton Ochsner Medical Foundation was formed to provide the vehicle for support of education and research and to garner gifts to build a future hospital.
WWII – The clinic experienced slow growth because many physicians were in the Armed Forces. Rapid growth of staff and patient volumes followed the war.
The five founders opened the Ochsner Clinic located at Aline and Prytania Streets in Uptown New Orleans.
Tulane Medical School Professors Drs. Alton Ochsner, Edgar Burns, Guy A. Caldwell, Francis E. LeJeune, and Curtis Tyrone established the first private group practice clinic in New Orleans.