François-Marie Arouet (21 November, 1694 – 30 May, 1778), better known by the pen name Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, essayist, deist and philosopher known for his wit, philosophical sport, and defense of civil liberties, including freedom of religion and the right to a fair trial. He was an outspoken supporter of social reform despite strict censorship laws in France and harsh penalties for those who broke them. A satirical polemicist, he frequently made use of his works to criticize Christian Church dogma and the French institutions of his day. A known Freemason, he was a member of the Loge des Neuf Sœurs (Lodge of the Nine Sisters) in Paris along with friend and fellow member Benjamin Franklin. 
Image:Bust of Voltaire 2, Houdon..jpg
The French author François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire was born November 21st 1694 in Paris, the last of the three children of François Arouet (1650–1 January, 1722) a notary who was a minor treasury official, and his wife,...
Member since: May 2008