This timeline features propaganda from four chronological decades in time. Propaganda uses grotesque, exaggerated, or gruesome depictions of a race, gender, organization, person or group to make the intended audience experience fear, prejudice, or superiority. Below are several example of propaganda from the 1830s, the 1910s, the 1940s, and the 2000s. In each piece of propaganda, a certain person or group of people was stereotyped or dehumanized to strike an emotion in the public.
Created by pjaja3 on Nov 23, 2010
Last updated: 11/24/10 at 05:16 PM
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This cartoon was created by the NRA and it is against animal rights activists. This group is attacked with the use of the word “terrorists” which always has negative connotations. There are many stereotypes depicted in the cartoon. For example, the people in the cartoon seem like “hippies” by their appearance. Both people are wearing sandals and the female has a tattoo and unshaved legs. The people and the animals have gasoline and explosives. This cartoon stereotypically portrays animal rights activists as violent because of their demonstrations.
This cartoon serves the same purpose as the other cartoon about violent animal rights activists. The cartoon was made to be satirical. The activists are carrying signs that say “STAMP OUT ANIMAL CRUELTY” and “STOP ANIMAL VIOLENCE”. As they carry their signs, they are fighting a man, three against one. This cartoon further depicts animal rights activists as violent even though they are against violence against animals.
In this World War II propaganda poster, our enemies are portrayed as a green, giant, double-headed monster. One head is representing the Germans and the other represents the Japanese. The monster is holding a bloodied knife and blood is dripping from its mouths. In its other bloody hand, the monster had the Statue of Liberty, which it broke off from the building. The text in the poster says, “Stop his monster that stops at nothing… PRODUCE to the limit! This is your war!” This poster uses fear to dehumanize Germans and Japanese and to get Americans to work harder and produce more.
In the Second World War, we have a new adversary: the Japanese. Although the enemy has changed, the strategies used in propaganda have not. In this poster, a Japanese soldier is using a knife to attack a defenseless American woman. This poster’s purpose is to convince Americans to support American troops by investing in war bonds. Because of propaganda like this poster and its portrayal of the Japanese Americans most likely treated Japanese-Americans harshly and with prejudice.
This World War I propaganda poster has the same purpose as the one before it. In the picture, a Prussian soldier seems to be hurting a poor woman that is crouched down and holding her young child. The Prussian soldier is stopped by an American soldier. The text in the poster explains its true purpose. “Halt the Hun! Buy U.S. government bonds Third Liberty Loan” This poster uses fear to persuade Americans to lend money to the government in the form of bonds. The poster wants to show that American support through funding will help win the war.
This poster was created during the 1910s, at the time of the First World War. In the picture, a large King Kong-like creature is carrying an unwilling woman as it walks on American soil. The creature is wearing a spiked Prussian helmet. This piece of propaganda seems like it was created to foretell of America’s future if people did not enlist to fight for the U.S. army. This poster makes Americans afraid of a future of oppression from their enemies and thus to protect the nation, they support and participate in the war.
Pictured above is an anti-Jackson cartoon made in 1832. In the cartoon, Andrew Jackson is dressed as a British king. He is holding a document that says veto on it as he tramples on the United States Constitution. Jackson was a part of the Democratic Party and his opponents were the Whig party. The Whigs often compared Jackson to a monarch and a tyrant because of his actions. Jackson used his veto power extensively. He vetoed more during his time as president than the all of the vetoes of the previous presidential administrations combined. This cartoon was used to make the public and fearful by likening Jackson’s administration to the strict and harsh rule under Britain.
This is a piece of sheet music and on the cover is Jim Crow, the black character in many popular minstrel shows in the early 1830s. These shows were a stereotypical portrayal of the common slave. These plays were performed by all-white casts. White actors would perform in blackface and impersonate black people. “Jump Jim Crow” is also a popular song and a dance of the time. This is a form of propaganda because it uses the arts to portray African-American race in a negative way. Black characters in these plays were happy, foolish, and quite dumb. These shows and pictures gave white people a feeling of superiority.