British unions had shared the same goals of raiding the payment for their members and improving the awful working conditions. Eventually, the British trade unions won the right to strike and picket in a peaceful manner. They also built up a membership of about 2 million people.
Germany was politically dived in the early 1800s. Economic isolation and spread out resources went around countrywide industrialization. Instead, bits of industrialization appeared as in the coal-rich west-central part of Germany. Germany later began to copy Britian by importing British tools and engineers. German manufacturers sent their children to England to learn industrial management. The most important addition was the railroads built that linked to Germany's growing manufacturing cities. By the late 1800s, Germany became an industrial giant.
Until the Civil War ended, the United States remained primarily agricultural, unlike the Northeast who experienced a big industrial growth in the early 1800s. During the last third of the 1800s, the United States experienced a tecnological boom. There were many causes of this boom. They included a wealth of natural resources, (like oil, coal and iron), a burst of inventions,( like the electric light bulb and telephone), and a huge urban population that consumed the new manufactured goods.
Karl Marx was a German journalist who introduced the world to a radical type of socialism called Marxism. Marx and Friedrich Engels, a German whose father owned a textile mill in Manchester, outlined their ideas and views in a 23-page pamphlet called The Communist Manifesto. The Communist Manifesto produced a couple short-term results. Only after a big turn of the century did the pamphlet produce explosive results. Later on, in the 1900s, Marxism inspired revolutionaries. These leaders adapted Marx's beliefs to their own situations and needs.
James Watt was a mathematical instrument maker at the University of Glasgow in Scotland. Watt thought about the problem for the expenses of fuel for steam engines for two years. Finally, he figured out a way to make the steam engine work faster and more efficiently while burning less fuel.
John Kay was a machanist who mad the flying shuttle. The flying shuttle was a shuttle that sped back and forth on wheels. This particular flying shuttle was a boat shaped piece of wood that yarn was attatched to. It doubled the work of a weaver could do in a whole day.
Jethro Tull was one of the very first scientific farmers. He learned that the ususal way of sowing seed by scattering it across the soil was a waste. Serveral of those seeds never took root. He solved this problem by inventing the seed drill. The seed drill let farmers to sow seeds in spaced rows at different depths. A much bigger share of these seeds took root which ended up boosting crop yields.