Recent Event Highlights: The Civil War, Pre-Civil War, and 13 more...
Created by sschaefer on Aug 30, 2010
Last updated: 09/30/10 at 06:02 AM
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DATE: 1970-1989 PRESIDENTS: Richard Nixon Gerald Ford Jimmy Carter Ronald Regan George Bush INCIDENTS: Kent state and Jackson State Shootings- 1970 Pentagon Papers Printed- 1971 26th Amendment -1971 Water Gate - 1972-1974 U.S. ends direct Intervention in Vietnam - 1973 Richard Nixon resigns from Office- 1974 Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident - 1979 Iranian Hostage Crisis-1979-1981 SDI Missile Defense System Proposed - 1983 Iran-Contra Affair-1985 Berliners tear down Berlin Wall - 1989 PARAGRAPHS: America at the end of the 20th century was full of deceit and lies and no democracy. It was very clear to the people and the government that the democracy had been screwed up and nothing was unified anymore. The democracy was no longer listening to what the people wanted and was going against them to the point where students protested. It was the students right to express what they felt and for the government to listen and change their ways. Since the democracy was so screwed up it ended up leading to the Kent and Jackson state shooting where students actually died all because they were expressing their freedom of speech. The second the police opened fire on the students it took a lot belief out from democracy that the people once had and led to many more corrupt things to happen. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "Richard Nixon." Image. National Archives. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 24 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1960-1970 PRESIDENTS: John F. Kennedy Lyndon B Johnson INCIDENTS: The New Frontier-1960 Young Americans for Freedom- 1960 Students for a Democratic Society-1962 JFK Assassination-1963 The Great Society-1964 Civil Rights Act -1964 Free Speech Movement-1964-1965 Voting Rights Act -1965 The War on Poverty Supreme Court Reforms The Kerner Commission- 1967 Assassination of MLK -1968 PARAGRAPHS: In the 1960's democracy to Americans meant a lot due to the many steps forward being taken to create an equal and strong country for the people. The people saw democracy in the government as a way to get what they wanted accomplished. One major piece of evidence that there was democracy in the 1960's was the Civil Rights Act. The Civil Rights Act gave the people of America their rights back that had been taken away from them due to the color of their skin or origin. The people had protested to the government about how they wanted their freedom and equality and with many significant figures and events the government listened. They realized that it was not only what the people wanted but was best for them in order to create a more unified country. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "John F. Kennedy." Image. John F. Kennedy Library. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1945-1959 PRESIDENTS: Harry S Truman Dwight D. Eisenhower INCIDENTS: Truman doctrine- 1947 U.S. joins NATO- 1949 Korean war- 1950 22 amendment- 1951 US detonates Hydrogen bomb-1952 Korean war ends- 1953 Montgomery bus boycott- 1955 Interstate highway system- 1956 Pledge of allegiance adjusted- 1956 Sputnik-1957 Alaska & Hawaii admitted to U.S.- 1959 PARAGRAPHS: During postwar America democracy represented and meant a time of unity to the American people. It was a time when the government had invested much of their time in the best interest for the people. Although the Korean War ended the United States government still came up with many ideas in order to help protect the people. In order to stay on top of weapons they came out with the first hydrogen bomb and created the interstate highway system for fast evacuations for better safety. The government realized that although not currently in a war that threat was always looming and that the people were their first and most important interest. This was a time that unity and democracy was present because without these simple things like protection, the people's freedoms and rights could have been easily taken away by a home attack from rival countries. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "Sputnik." Image. NASA. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1914-1945 PRESIDENTS: Woodrow Wilson Warren G. Harding Calvin Coolidge Herbert Hoover Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry s. Truman INCIDENTS: America joining WW1-1917 The sinking of the Lusitania-1915 Committee on public information -1917-1919 Espionage act - 1917 The Red Scare -1917 Sedition act - 1918 Black Thursday - 1929 Stock Market Crash- 1929 The Great Depression- 1929 The New Deal -1933 Pearl Harbor- 1941 Atomic Bombs dropped on Japan-1945 WW2 Ends- 1945 PARAGRAPHS: During this time period many negative events and wars occurred changing the outlook for Americans but through it all the pride within America and the trust in their government was what allowed the country to get through in one piece. Many different things like the threat of communism and pearl harbor set the people back but after each thing they still knew what they wanted and the government listened and followed through with not only joining the wars but in many perspectives coming out on top with lots of new respect from different countries. This shaped America because not only did they show the rest of the world that a democracy dose work and for other countries to do the same, but it showed the amount of power they actually had when many didn’t think they had much at all. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "369th Infantry marches in victory parade." Image. National Archives. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1890/1900-1920 PRESIDENTS: Benjamin Harrison Grover Cleveland William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt William H. Taft Woodrow Wilson INCIDENTS: Amendments added to the constitution Women suffrage -1920 19th Prohibition -1919 18th Creation of Income taxes 16th Direct election of senators 17th Health reforms Minimum wage Labor laws Child labor laws Education PARAGRAPHS: Democracy was used rather strongly during this era of progressivism. Through the many amendments passed, the cleaning up of neighborhoods, the creation of health reforms and minimum wage it proved to the people that democracy was still very much around. One of the amendments added was direct election of senators which was a big improvement for democracy and the people because it allowed the people a more direct way of getting what they wanted through the government and it also gave them more power. This gave the people better control and mind set on the government and the idea of democracy knowing that what they wanted not only mattered but had a better chance of happening with the new amendments and by the many things changing it proved to be working. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "Eighteenth Amendment." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1878-1898 PRESIDENTS: Rutherford B. Hayes James a. Garfield Chester a. Arthur Grover Cleveland Benjamin Harrison William McKinley INCIDENTS: A corrupt government The Compromise of 1877 Chinese exclusion Act-1882 Pendleton Act-1883 The Interstate Commerce Act - 1887 Mississippi plan - 1890 Creation of the Populist Party -1891 The United States gets Guam, the Philippines and Puerto Rico- 1898 Hawaii gets annexed - 1898 PARAGRAPHS: During the gilded age politics are more corrupt than what they have ever been before. Although many moral reforms were being created and cities were getting bigger, politics seemed to be going to more of a mobster like feel. Many local elections were won through bribes and threats which ended up creating a high voting participation. The threat against the voting people by the powerful players took away the chance for them to vote for what they really wanted and in the end took away their chance for democracy. Although many things were changing for a more positive note like technology and schooling, the government and democracy was a negative thing in the mind of a lot of people. BIBLIOGRAPHY: "Railroad advertisement." Image. Halpin, Thomas M., Chicago City Directory for the Year 1860-1, 1860. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1863-1978 PRESIDENTS: Abraham Lincoln Andrew Johnson Ulysses S. Grant INCIDENTS: Assassination of Abraham Lincoln - 1865 Black codes - 1865 13th amendment- 1865 14th amendment - 1866 Radical reconstruction of congress- 1866 Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson 1986 15th amendment- 1870 The Election of 1876 The Compromise of 1877 Troops taken out of the south -1877 PARAGRAPHS: During the reconstruction time period of America one of the major things that was happening was dealing with the after math of slavery. After the civil war was over and the united states was back to being one solid country and the government was listening to what the people wanted and in response created 3 different amendments (13th, 14th, and 15th,) specifically towards preventing and getting rid of slavery and discrimination. This was important because getting rid of slavery shaped the rest of the American history because it was that start of creating equal rights and it was also what people wanted. These laws passed and amendments created were made out of the good for the people of their country and to help create a better lifestyle for them as a country in whole which was very democratic after the long run of separation. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "Reconstruction political leaders." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1861-1865 PRESIDENTS: Abraham Lincoln INCIDENTS: Abraham Lincoln is elected- 1860 7 states break off and form the Confederate States of America - 1860 Battle of Gettysburg - 1863 Emancipation proclamation - 1863 The South Surrenders - 1865 Assassination of Abraham Lincoln- 1865 PARAGRAPHS: The civil war was a period that America was not unified at all and it was all due to the act of slavery. After the Kansas- Nebraska act and the election of Lincoln who was against slavery, America was divided between Free states and slave states to the point where the southern slave states known as the confederacy started a war against the union which were all of the Free states. The people had taken the issues of slavery into their own hands and created their own new government because they felt as if the current one was not listening and doing their job that is promised in a democracy. After years of fighting the confederacy finally surrenders right as Abraham Lincoln is assassinated which ends the divide but also ends the person who started it. By the end of the civil war era unity of democracy and the people of America had left and then comeback with many new laws and outlooks to be carried out once again shaping America in a new way. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "Twenty-second New York Infantry during the Civil War." Image. Miller, Francis Trevelyan and Robert Sampson Lanier, The Photographic History of the Civil War, vol 9, 1911. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1849-1860's PRESIDENTS: Maybe James k. Polk Zachary Taylor Millard Fillmore Franklin pierce James Buchanan INCIDENTS: California wants to become a state -1948 Zachary Taylor tells California to apply to be a slave free state - 1849 The Compromise of 1850 Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 The Kansas - Nebraska act- 1854 PARAGRAPHS: During the pre-civil war the major issues that were being created almost all had to do with idea of slaves. At this time the country was in the process of starting to be pulled apart due to how they felt about slave laws and being slave states. At this point every state was following the form of democracy correctly because the government within that sates was doing as the people wanted. It wasn’t until California wanted to be a slave free state which started arguments between the north and the south that wouldn’t be solved for years until the compromise of 1850. Although the compromise was made, neither side came out perfectly happy, so in following democracy the civil war started in order to achieve what the people wanted. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "Assassination attempt in the Senate." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1824-1848 PRESIDENTS: James Monroe John Q. Adams Andrew Jackson Martin Van Buren INCIDENTS: The Election of 1824 The Corrupt Bargain- Jackson is Elected President- 1828 People Move West The "Common Man"- Whigs vs. Democrats is started-1836 PARAGRAPHS: During the Jacksonian era not only the people’s rights seemed to be taken away but also democracy in general. By the time Andrew Jackson was finally elected president he had many ideas for the people. The dictatorship feeling by the laws he created that took away peoples freedom of speech a press made it seem to the people that he took a negative view after the election of 1824 and the corrupt bargain. Because there was such strict laws on everything it didn’t give the people a chance to tell the government what they wanted to happen, to the point where the Whigs vs. democrats was started in order to get rid of democracy. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "Whig Party: Andrew Jackson caricature." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1800-1828 PRESIDENTS: John Adams Thomas Jefferson James Madison James Monroe John Quincy Adams INCIDENTS: Purchase of the Louisiana territory from France-1803 Ratification of the 12th amendment- 1804 Start of the Lewis and Clark expedition- 1804 Trading embargo with U.S. Britain, and France - 1807 Congress prohibits slave trade- 1808 The Monroe doctrine - 1823 PARAGRAPHS: During the Jeffersonian era major changes were made in order to make the government less controversial and more efficient. One major thing that changed was the voting process of a president. The ratification of the 12th amendment allowed the people to now vote for what party they wanted to be in office compared to what people like before. This made it more convenient for whatever people where in office because they wouldn’t have to compromise what they wanted which in the end made the people who voted for the party not have to compromise and it gave them more power at the same time. The people ended up liking this much better for reasons like efficiency of the government getting to their needs to the point that it is still around today. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "Jeffersonian Era." Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century. Ed. Paul Finkelman. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2001. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 3 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1789-1800 PRESIDENTS: George Washington John Adams INCIDENTS: Bill of Rights -1791 Republicanism Creation of the democratic- republicans- 1792 First real election of George Washington- 1796 America is in a quasi- war with France- 1798 Three laws passed by Adams in 1798 as the war starts Naturalization act Alien act Sedition act Virginia- Kentucky resolutions- 1798 /1799 PARAGRAPHS: During this time period there were many things changing due to the failure of their first government which caused them to start over with a "new nation". One major thing that was created this time around which would separate this from the first attempt at a government was the bill of rights. The bill of rights explained to the people what their rights were and because of this many people went towards republicanism. This was a time of the government being in control, not the people and that was shown through the alien act and sedition act. At this point the people didn’t think much of democracy because they were still trying to figure out how to developing a successful government. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "John Adams." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1781-1789 PRESIDENTS: None - the very start of George Washington INCIDENTS: Articles of Confederation -1781 to 1787 Constitutional Convention - 1787 PARAGRAPHS: During this time period the people of America were starting to create a solid government for themselves. While creating a solid government the people created two different ways to go about creating their role of leadership, power and agreement on political issues. The constitution and the articles of confederation were the two forms of rules for the government to follow. The articles of confederation proved to be more like a democracy due to the fact that there is no one specific leader and how it represents the people and in the end shaped what democracy is now to be considered. This meant a lot for the people because it was one step closer to their own political freedom and stability. BIBLIOGRAPHY : "Amending the Constitution (Overview)." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 15 Sept. 2010.
DATE: 1764-1783 PRESIDENTS: none INCIDENTS: Currency act -1764 Sugar Act-1764 Stamp Act- 1765 Declaratory Act- 1765 Quartering Act- 1765 Boston Massacre- 1770 Tea Act-1773 The first Continental Congress meets to create the resistance against the British policies - 1774 Lexington & Concord- 1775 Parliament Declaration Massachusites-1775 Continental Congress approves a resolution- 1776 PARAGRAPHS: During the early start of the revolutionary war there wasn’t a strong idea or meaning of democracy to the American people due to the control the British had. Over the course of control their control, the British did many things like the currency act that wasn’t liked by the American people. After the quartering act was passed the American people realized that they needed to do something. This was when democracy was finally thought of which led to the continental congress meeting in Philadelphia and the creation of the resolution. This resolution was the first real piece of evidence that America would have a democracy and that what they did was like a democracy because it was for the best interest of the people. Also it would have been what they wanted their government to do it if they had a legitimate one like American people currently have. This resolution gave democracy or at least the idea of a democracy meaning to the people. BIBLIOGRAPHY: "Boston Massacre." Image. National Archives. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2010.