Recent Event Highlights: Post War America, Civil War and Reconstruction, Pre-Civil War, and 10 more...
Created by sstreett on Aug 27, 2010
Last updated: 09/28/10 at 09:19 AM
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1969-1989 1970 – Kent State & Jackson State shootings 1971 – Pentagon Papers printed 1971 – 26th Amendment 1972-1974 – Watergate June 1972: Burglars caught at DNC offices at Watergate hotel May 1973: Senate committee opens hearing on Watergate Affair Oct. 1973: Spiro Agnew (VP) resigns; “Saturday Night Massacre” Aug. 1974: Richard Nixon (President) resigns from office 1973 – US ends direct intervention in Vietnam 1979 – Three Mile Island nuclear accident 1979-1981 – Iranian Hostage Crisis 1983 – SDI (“Star Wars”) missile defense system proposed 1985 – Iran-Contra Affair 1989 – Berliners tear down Berlin Wall Richard Nixon (1969-1974) Gerald Ford (1974-1977) Jimmy Carter (1977-1981) Ronald Reagan (1981-1989) George H.W., Bush (1989-1993 ) "Richard Nixon leaving the White House after resigning the presidency due to the Watergate scandal...." UXL American Decades. Ed. Julie L. Carnagie, et al. Vol. 8: 1970-1979. Detroit: UXL, 2003. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 24 Sept. 2010.
1960-1969 1960: Election of 1960 (John Kennedy vs. Richard Nixon) 1961: JFK’s inaugural Speech (“ask not what your country can do for you, but ask what can you do for your country”) 1963: JFK assassinated, Lyndon Johnson sworn in as President 1964: LBJ’s “The Great Society”, Civil Rights Act (includes gender), Economic Opportunity Act 1965: Immigration Act, Water Quality Act, Voting Rights Act 1966: Miranda vs. Arizona John F. Kennedy (1961-1963) Lyndon Johnson (1963-1969) The 60s could arguably be the most significant decade in American history. Democracy had much growth in this period. The main thing that helped democracy was the Voting Act of 1965, which gave the blacks 100% voting rights, with not literacy test, or any other trick to ensure they would not vote. This gave the black community a say in the way the government runs, which was a first for the country. Also in this time, the young people, like college students, protested because they were being forced to do many things for the country like being sent to war, but they did not have any privileged. The 26th amendment(right after this time period) lowered the voting age to 18, because if someone can die for a country, they should be able to vote. Just in this decade alone, a big majority of the population gained voting rights, and a voice in the government, which is what Democracy is all about. "Gonzalez with President John F. Kennedy and Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson." U*X*L Hispanic American Reference Library. Ed. Sonia Benson. 2nd ed. Detroit: U*X*L, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 24 Sept. 2010.
1945-1960 1946: Iron Curtain, and Baby Boom 1947: Truman Doctrine, Levitown NY (American Dream created) 1948: Marshall Plan (Financial Aid towards Europe), Berlin Airlift 1949: Soviet Union tested A-Bomb, US joins NATO 1950: Korean War Begins, McCarthy Hearings 1951: 22nd Amendment (no more than 2 terms in office), UNIVAC I (start of technological era) 1953: Korean War Ends 1954: Brown vs. Board of Edu., McCarthy hearings 1955: Mont. Bus Boy cott 1956: “Under God” added to the Pledge of Allegiance, Interstate Highway 1957: Russia sent Sputnik up to space 1958: National Defense Education Act 1959: Kitchen Debate, Alaska & Hawaii Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) Dwight Eisenhower (1953-1961) During this period, the government tried to make democracy stronger to fight off communism, but instead they took away too much liberty, and brought in too much order. The government gave the people select freedom of speech, and punished the people if they talked bad about the government, which is a negative effect on the growth of Democracy. This negative impact on Democracy was caused by the fear of Communism. "Truman with Top Aides Acheson and Marshall." The Cold War. Ed. Walter Hixson. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 2010. American Journey. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 24 Sept. 2010.
1917-1945 1917: Espionage Act 1917: Bolshevik Revolution in Russia 1918: Sedition Act 1919: Schenck v. US 1919: Bolshevik proclaim goal of worldwide communism 1941: Four Freedoms Speech, Atlantic Character, Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor, US enters the war 1942: Nattle of Midway & US Forces invade North Africa 1944: D-Day invasion of France, GI Bill 1945: Yalta, FDR dies, Truman becomes president, Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, End of WWII- Germany(may) and Japan (sept.) surrender. Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) Warren G. Harding (1921-1923) Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) Herbert Hoover (1929-1933) Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945) During the beginning of WWI, the government started taking people's rights away in order to have more control. At this time, they restricted their freedom of speech, which is a violation of the constitution. The cause of the Great Depression is because the government had so little liberty, when they tried to give it back, they people were not ready for such an abrupt action. The Great Depression brought the relationship between the people and the government to become much stronger. In previous years, the people complained about not receiving enough aid from the government, and in order to fix the depression the government helped the people a lot. During this time period, people were really using their voices through their vote, by voting for who they felt would be the best President, which is a big way Democracy grew. "Franklin Delano Roosevelt." American Decades. Ed. Judith S. Baughman, et al. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 24 Sept. 2010.
1890-1920 1890: National American Woman Suffrage Association is founded. 1891: The Populist Party is formed. 1893: Grover Cleveland is inaugurated as president for his second term. 1879: William McKinley becomes president. 1901: William McKinley is assassinated. 1901: Theodore Roosevelt becomes President. 1901: The United States socialist party is established. 1906: Hepburn Act. 1906: Treaty of Portsmouth 1909: Lincoln on Penny 1909: William Howard Taft becomes president. 1909: The NAACP is founded by W.E.B. Du Bois. 1911: The Supreme Court breaks up standard oil. 1913: Woodrow Wilson becomes president. 1913: 16th amendment, income tax 1913: 17th amendment, direct election of senators 1919: 18th amendment, prohibition 1920: 19th amendment, Women’s suffrage, Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893) Grover Cleveland (1893-1897) William McKinley (1897-1901) Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909) William Howard (1909-1913) Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) During the period of Imperialism, America felt very confident about themselves and their government. They wanted to take control over other land and turn it into a Democracy, but this did not work and backfired by slowing down the growth of Democracy. During Progressivism Democracy had a lot of growth. The main thing that help Democracy was the 17th Amendment, which is women's suffrage. This was a big step for the government because it gave almost half the population voices, which had a huge impact on Democracy. "A poster urging people to vote in favor of the prohibition of alcohol." Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K. Lee Lerner, Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, and Adrienne Wilmoth Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 16 Sept. 2010.
1877-1890 1881: Jim Crow era begins 1882: Chinese Exclusion Act 1885: Statue of Liberty makes its first appearance in NYC 1886: Haymarket Riot in Chicago 1887: Statue of Abraham Lincoln unveiled in Lincoln park Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881) James Garfield (1881-1881) Chester A. Arthur (1881-1885) Grover Cleveland (1885-1889) During the Gilded Age Democracy did not change very much. All except one president were Republicans. Grover Cleveland was the one Democrat, but we were not dealing with anything big enough for any change. The biggest issue we were dealing with was women's suffrage. Women's suffrage was important because it eventually gives more rights to the women. "Abraham Lincoln Statue." Gale Student Resources in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 24 Sept. 2010.
1860-1877 1860: Lincoln Elected 1860: 7 states secede declaration 1861: Fort Sumter, February 1861-1862: confederates winning 1863: Emancipation Proclamation Jan. 1 (goal to abolish slavery) 1863: Gettysburg, July 1-3 1865: Lee Surrender, April 1865: Lincoln Assassinated, April 1865:13th Amendment 1866: 14th Amendment 1866: Congressional Reconstruction 1868: Impeachment of Andrew Johnson 1870: 15th Amendment Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865) Andrew Johnson (1865-1869) Ulysses S. Grant (1865-1877) During this time period the country fought in two different groups, the confederacy and the union. The fight ended with abolition of all slaves in the states that rebelled. This was important to Democracy because it was one step closer to all slave abolition. "Abraham Lincoln." The Constitution and Supreme Court. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 2010. American Journey. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 14 Sept. 2010.
1840-1860 1845: Texas admitted to Union as slave state 1846-1848: Mexican-American War 1848: Seneca Falls Convention !850: Compromise of 1850 1852: Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1854: Kansas-Nebraska Act 1855-1856: Bleeding Kansas 1857: Dred Scott v. Sanford 1859: John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry William H. Harrison (1841-1841) John Tyler (1841-1845) James K. Polk (1845-1849) Zachary Taylor (1849-1850) Millard Fillmore (1850-1853) Franklin Pierce (1853-1857) James Buchanan (1857-1861) During this time period Democracy was a very successful government. This time period was effected by the beliefs of slavery. Many states were debating on being a slave free state or a slave state. A big controversy that started ruining the Democracy was the Missouri Compromise because it split the country into two groups. Also in this time period women started to speak up for themselves, and started to fight for their rights, which effects Democracy in a good way. "The Marais des Cygnes Massacre, Kansas." Westward Expansion. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 2010. American Journey. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 15 Sept. 2010.
1828-1840 1824: Jackson ran for president but failed 1828: Jackson becomes president 1830: Congress passes pre-emption Act. 1830: Indian Removal Act 1835: Texas war of independence Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) Martin Van Buren (1837-1841) In the Jacksonian Period a two-party system was created, the Democrats, and Whigs. The Democrats were the "common man" such as Andrew Jackson, people who believed in more liberty. The Whigs were people like John Quincy Adams who were wealthy and believed in more order. This effected Democracy because it helped us create our two-party system that we use today. "Controversial figure Andrew Jackson was a military leader and later the seventh president of the..." U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 4. Detroit: UXL, 2009. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 14 Sept. 2010.
1800-1828 1800- John Adams vs. Jefferson 1803- LA purchase (double size of US) 1804- 12th amendment 1804- Lewis & Clark 1812- war of 1812 (G.R. vs. US 1808- Prohibition of African slave trade 1820- Missouri compromise: compromise on slavery in Western territory (prohibits slavery in former LA territory north of 36-30 parallel except for MO 1823- Monroe Doctrine: Europe no longer allowed to interfere with America. Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) James Madison (1809-1817) James Monroe (1817-18250 John Quincy Adams (1825-1829) In this time period the idea of Democracy is still worked on. The main thing that effected Democracy was Thomas Jefferson bringing his new ideas as president. He was the first Democratic president, and brought much change to the government. "Jefferson, Thomas." Presidential Administration Profiles for Students. Ed. Kelle S. Sisung and Gerda-Ann Raffaelle. Detroit: Gale Group, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 14 Sept. 2010
-1789-1800- 1789- George Washington elected president • Hamilton- secretary of treasury • Jefferson- secretary of state 1793- Thomas Jefferson resigns from Secretary of State • Disliked what the government is becoming 1796- Washington rejects 3rd term 1796- Election (Adams v. Jefferson) • Adams wins 1798- Naturalization act, Alien Act, Sedition act • Naturalization act-extended the time to become a citizen • Alien act- gave the president power to kick out any alien he chooses to • Sedition act- gave the president the power to imprison any who talks bad about the government 1800- Election (Adams v. Jefferson) George Washington (1789-1797) John Adams (1797-1801) In this time period, America experienced their first president, George Washington, added the Bill of Rights to the Constitution, and also had their first congress. Their is a big change in Democracy because the country realize how essential it is to have a leader, but at the same time they have a voice. "John Adams (1735–1826)." DISCovering U.S. History. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 24 Sept. 2010.
-1777-1791- 1787-articles of confederation 1783-peace treaty with Britain 1786- Escalating debate between Federalists, who believed the Articles to be too deficient and that a stronger national government was necessary, and the Anti-Federalists, who feared dangers posed to individual liberties by consolidated power 1787- Us Constitution written at constitutional Convention in Philadelphia 1788- Us Constitution ratified by 9 states and becomes a law 1789 George Washington elected first President of the USA + First Congress met in New York, NY (then the nation’s capital) George Washington (1789-1797) In this time period Democracy slowly grew and developed into an idea. Both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution were written in this period. Both of these documents had a change in the way the government was run, and they also established the rights of the people. "The U.S. Constitution, written by a group of delegates, established the framework for U.S...." U*X*L Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, 2009. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 14 Sept. 2010.
1754-1783 1754- War between Britain and France. Known as the Seven Years’ War 1763- End of Seven Years’ War. Britain was in debt. 1764- People of Britain were taxed to get out of debt. Created frustration in Britain. 1773- Boston Tea Party. 1775- Boston Massacre. Revolution starts. The Revolutionary Period is important to Democracy because this period is where Democracy started. The Declaration of Independence was created, giving America freedom from Britain. This freedom caused America to set up a government, a government that developed into a Democracy. "Haitian revolutionaries execute French soldiers." Image. Library of Congress. Issues: Understanding Controversy and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 30 Aug. 2010.