Recent Event Highlights: Voting Rights Act, Civil Rights Act, Freedom Summer, and 22 more...
Created by stem5 on Mar 14, 2011
Last updated: 03/15/11 at 05:53 PM
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It was held in Mexico City in October 1968. It was also known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad. The 1968 Games were the first Olympic Games hosted by a developing country, and the first Games hosted by a Spanish-speaking country.
It is to protect the buyer or renter of a dwelling from seller or landlord discrimination. Its primary prohibition makes it unlawful to refuse to sell, rent to, or negotiate with any person because of that person's inclusion in a protected class.
He was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968, at the age of 39. James Earl Ray, a fugitive from the Missouri State Penitentiary, was arrested in London at Heathrow Airport extradited to the United States and charged with the crime. On March 10, 1969, Ray entered a plea of guilty and was sentenced to 99 years in the Tennessee state penitentiary. He later made many attempts to withdraw his guilty plea and be tried by a jury, he was unsuccessful.
It was an African-American revolutionary leftist organization. It was active in the United States. The Black Panther Party achieved national and international impact through its deep involvement in the Black Power movement and in U.S. politics.
It outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.
It was three marches in 1965 that marked the political and emotional peak of the American civil rights movement. They grew out of the voting rights movement in Selma, Alabama, launched by local African-Americans who formed the Dallas County Voters League.
He began to speak to a meeting of the Organization of Afro-American Unity when a disturbance broke out in the crowd of 400. A man yelled, "Nigger! Get your hand outta my pocket!" As Malcolm X and his bodyguards moved to quiet the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot him in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun. Two other men charged the stage and fired handguns, hitting him 16 times. Malcolm X was pronounced dead at 3:30 p.m., shortly after he arrived at the Hospital
It was a landmark piece in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against blacks and women, including racial segregation. It ended unequal voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public accommodations. Congress asserted its authority to legislate under several different parts of the United States Constitution, principally its power to regulate interstate commerce under Article One, its duty to guarantee all citizens equal protection of the laws under the Fourteenth Amendment and its duty to protect voting rights under the Fifteenth Amendment.
was a campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippi, which up to that time had almost totally excluded black voters. The project also set up dozens of Freedom Schools and Freedom Houses in small towns throughout Mississippi to aid the local black population.
He was the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Before becoming a judge, he was a lawyer who was best remembered for his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education. He was nominated to the court by President Lyndon Johnson in 1967.
It was a march for Jobs and Freedom. It was a large political rally in support of civil and economic rights for African Americans that took place in Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Memorial during the march.
James H. Meredith was the first African American student at the University of Mississippi, an event that was a flashpoint in the American civil rights movement.
prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax. The amendment was proposed by Congress to the states on August 27, 1962, and was ratified by the states on January 23, 1964.
they were civil rights activists that rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States to test the United States Supreme Court decision Boynton v. Virginia
The case overturned a judgment convicting an African American law student for trespassing by being in a restaurant in a bus terminal which was whites only. It held that racial segregation in public transportation was illegal because such segregation violated the Interstate Commerce Act, which broadly forbade discrimination in interstate passenger transportation. It moreover held that bus transportation was sufficiently related to interstate commerce to allow the United States Federal government to regulate it to forbid racial discrimination in the industry.
It was one of the principal organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University
The Little Rock Nine were a group of African-American students who were enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The ensuing Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) is an American civil rights organization. SCLC was closely associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The SCLC had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign that started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama it was intended to oppose the city's policy of racial segregation on its public transit system. The boycott resulted in a crippling financial deficit for the Montgomery public transit system, because the city's black population who were the drivers of the boycott were also the bulk of the system's paying customers.
Emmitt Till was dared to go talk to a white girl in a store after bragging about his white girlfriend back home. He actually did it and it happened to be the white store owners wife. The store owner took Emmitt in the middle of the night and three days later they found him dead.
a black third-grader named Linda Brown had to walk one mile through a railroad switchyard to get to her black elementary school, even though a white elementary school was only seven blocks away. Linda's father, Oliver Brown, tried to enroll her in the white elementary school, but the principal of the school refused. He went to the head of NAACP for help. The decision turned out good.
It is a U.S. civil rights organization that originally played a role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Membership in CORE is still stated to be open to anyone who believes that all people are created equal and is willing to work towards the ultimate goal of true equality throughout the world.
Wallace D. Fard went from door to door selling clothing and accessories, as well as artifacts. These, he claimed, were like those the ancestors of the blacks wore and used. As he peddled his goods, he told tales about the blacks of Africa that entranced his customers. This led to informal gatherings in homes in which he told the blacks about their land of origin.
The NAACP was formed in 1909 in New York City by a group of black and white citizens committed to helping to right social injustices. On February 12, over the signatures of 60 persons, the "Call" was issued for a meeting on the concept of creating an organization that would be an aggressive watchdog of Negro liberties. This event marks the founding of the NAACP.
Plessy was arrested for not moving to the blacks section on a railway car when is is 7/8 white. He went to court mandating racial segregation on its trains an unconstitutional infringement on both the privileges and immunities and the equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. The court decided against it.