Sue's personal timeline, a place to collect and share things from Sue's life.
Created by suechacha on Apr 29, 2010
Last updated: 04/30/10 at 06:51 AM
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In response to the Soviet’s first atomic explosion and the Korean War, the Federal Civil Defense Administration was started on January 12, 1951. With this in mind, the Federal Civil Defense Administration received a small budget, and was involved in only limited construction of shelters and the publishing of publicity materials. The Federal Civil Defense Administration became the office of Civil and Defense Mobilization under John F. Kennedy, who advocated civil defense. The Cuban Missile Crisis resulted in a rapid three-month program to improve civil defense.
After WWII, world worried about Korea. They decided to take care of them for few years. Korea was divided into communist North Korea and Democratic South Korea. Korean set up by the USSR with Kim Ill Sung as leader north of the 38th Parallel. South of the 38th parallel of Korea led established the Re public of Korea led by Syngman Rhee. On June 25, 1950, North Korean troops invaded South Korea. The war continued until 1953. Korea was left a divided country, much as it had been before the war began.
On August 29, 1949, the Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb. It came as a great shock to the United States because they were not expecting the Soviet Union to possess nuclear weapon knowledge so soon. Previously, the United States had used two atomic bombs on Japan to cause them to surrender during WWII. The impact that the possession of nuclear weapons by the Soviet Union had upon the United States was that it caused Americans to question their own safety.
After WWII the countries of Western Europe found themselves too weak politically and militarily. The alliance of France and the United Kingdom through the Brussels Treaty was found to be minuscule when compared to the Communist Soviet Union. NATO was officially established on April 4, 1949 with the signing North Atlantic Treaty. After the fall of communism the need for military alliances dismissed and NATO was transformed from a military force to a political force.
At the end of war, the Allies had decided on a joint occupation of Germany. The United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union each controlled a zone of Germany. An uprising occurred in East Germany in 1953 which culminated in a general strike on June 17, 1953 to protest the lowering wages and the lack of significant political and economic changes.
In June 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall went beyond the Truman Doctrine to propose a massive recovery plan for European nations. Under the Marshall Plan, American aid in the form of money, supplies, and machinery would help to end Europe’s “hungry, poverty, desperation, and chaos.” The United States offered the Marshall Plan to all nations in Europe include the Soviet Union. The nations of Western Europe welcome the Truman administration’s offer. It was really success.
The policy of containment began in Europe. Great Britain, in financial trouble, was forced to notify United States officials early in 1947 that it would withdraw its soldiers from Greece and end aid to Turkey. In March 1947 Truman told congress that if the United States was not willing to give aid to Greece and Turkey to contain communism, democratic governments everywhere would be threatened. Truman Doctrine proposed that the United States provide military and economic aid to Greece and Turkey.
On March 5, 1946, at the request of Westminster College in the small Missouri town, Churchill gave his famous “Iron Curtain” speech to a crowd of 40.000. In addition to accepting an honorary degree from the college, Churchill made one of his most famous post-war speeches.
The Yalta Conference was held in a Yalta on February 4th to 11th in 1945. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Josef Stalin decided the fate of post war Europe. The goal of this conference was to discuss about the dividing up of Germany, The formation of the United Nations, German war reparations, and the future of Poland.
In 1946, Vietnam was part of the colony of French Indochina and the Vietnamese fought for their independence. The United States provided military equipment, but the French were defeated in 1954. Vietnam was then divided into North and South Vietnam. Communists saw the Vietnam was as an extension of their struggle with France and as war of national liberation. China and the Soviet Union supported the Vietnamese communists with war materials but not troops.