Recent Event Highlights: Civil War, Pre-Civil War, and 13 more...
Created by dipity on Sep 4, 2009
Last updated: 10/04/09 at 08:55 PM
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1971: 26th amendment lets 18 year olds vote 1972: Watergate Scandal 1973: Abortion is legalized after Roe vs Wade 1974: Nixon resigns presidency, Gerald Ford is Elected President 1975: Vietnam War ends 1977: Jimmy Carter is elected President 1978: Camp David Accords 1981: Sandra Day O'Connor is first woman in Supreme Court; IBM creates first personal computer, Ronald Regan is elected President 1982: The term "internet" is first used 1989: Berlin Wall falls Paragraph: America at the end of the 20th century saw a whole new wave of democracy through foreign aid. Our democratic values were applied to the foreign aid in the issue between east and west Berlin. The 20th century also saw voting rights for 18 year old kids with the 26th amendment and the end of the Vietnam war. The end of the 20th century saw an improvement of democracy through aid in rights of US and foreign people. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. Photograph from the Fall of the Berlin Wall, November 9, 1989. Digital image. Mississippi State University LibGuides-Berlin Wall-Home. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1961: Cuban Missle Crisis, John F. Kennedy is elected President 1963: Lyndon B. Johnson is elected President, President John F. Kennedy is assassinated 1964: Gulf of Tonkin Incident, Civil Rights act bans discrimination in jobs and public places, Robert F. Kennedy is assassinated 1965: First US troops arrive in South Vietnam, Voting act of 1965 1968: Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated 1969: Neil Armstrong becomes first man to walk on moon; Woodstock, Richard Nixon is elected President Paragraph: The Sixties was a generation of democratic advancements through protest and a new wave of "hippyism". These were most prevalent within the movements such as Woodstock, but also politically there was the war on poverty and aid to the less fortunate. The Sixties were a generation of aid and a boost in democracy. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. Woodstock Poster. Digital image. WOODSTOCK MUSIC FESTIVAL. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1945: 2 atomic bombs are dropped on 2 cities in Japan,Japan secedes the war (VJ day), Start of the Nuremberg trials, Harry S. Truman is elected president 1946: Iron curtain speech (Folton MO)(Winston Churchill), U.N. held its first security council, Baby Boom generation 1947: Announcing the cold war, Jackie Rhobinson, Loyalty investigations by Pres. Truman (Truman Doctrine) 1948: Congress authorizes the Marshall Plan (Does more then Truman Doctrine, and not just for Greece or Turkey), Berlin blockade after joseph stalin imposes a land blockade on West Berlin, Truman mounts an airlift; 277, 000 flights carry over 2.5 million tons of supplies to the city 1949:The United states joins the North Atlantic treaty organization (NATO) (US + Allies vs. Russia), Mao Tse-Tung proclaims the people's republic of china (Chinese Revolution), Soviets get an atomic bomb 1950:, The Korean War begins when north Korean forces , pres. Truman wins, un. Marches, After UN forces approach the Yalu river, chinese troops intervene, pushing US out of North Korea, McCarthy(ism) Communist list and whatnot, Rosenberg's Share state secrets with soviets and get executed for espionage 1951:, 22nd amendment 2 terms each president 4 years, U.S. detonates the hydrogen bomb (A-Bomb on Crack) 1953: Korean War Ends 1954:Brown v. Board of ed., Segregation is illegal, McCarthy is Censored by the senate 1955:, Civil rights stuff, Emmet Till 1956:, Montgomery Boycott 1957:, Little Rock 9, Space race starts with Sputnik 1958: Congress passes national defense education act 1959:, Alaska and Hawaii added "Kitchen" Debate, Vietnam War Begins Paragraph: The Postwar Era was a very different time for America showing successes for Democracy as well as setbacks. Democracy was limited by the cold war and the introduction of the hydrogen bomb. However the space race and and now illegal segregation were victories for Democracy. Overall Postwar America lead to advances for civilian democracy but a lowering of democratic rights during wartime. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. This German American Tricentennial Multicycle from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is traveling along Fifth Avenue in New York City during the 1988 Steuben Day Parade. Digital image. German Americans-Overview, History, Modern Era, The first Germans in America, Significant Immigration Waves. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1941:Japan attacks Pearl Harbor; leading to the US entering the war 1942: Roosevelt starts Japanese Internment camps 1944: D-day 1945: Atomic bombs dropped in Japan; WWII ends Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. When you ride alone you ride with Hitler! Digital image. WWII Propaganda Poster on Flickr. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1913: Woodrow Wilson is elected president 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated and WWI begins. 1915: Germany sinks US passenger ship, Lusitania 1917: First woman is elected to congress, Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, USA enters WWI, Espionage Act 1918: Woodrow Wilson writes Fourteen Points, Sedition Act 1919:World War 1 ends. 1920: Panama Canal opens,19th amendment is ratified: women can vote 1921: Warren G. Harding is elected President 1923: Calvin Coolidge is elected President 1927: Charles Lindbergh flies from New York to Paris 1929: stock market crashes; great depression starts, Herbert Hoover is elected President 1932: Amelia Earhart flies across the Atlantic, Economy starts to get better after the great depression 1933: Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany, Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President 1939-WWII begins (German invasion of Poland) Paragraph: World War 1 was a very odd step for democracy as rights were constricted following anti-democratic thoughts. The Bolshevik revolution and the Red Scare lead to the espionage and sedition acts restricting many rights. Also the McCarthyism emergence restricted rights of people even more as speculation grew. Overall the WW1 era was a backwards step for democracy. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. No names-no pack drill. Digital image. First World War Cartoons-ww1 cartoons. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1890:Benjamin Harris is elected President 1891:Federal courts of appeal is created to relieve the Supreme Court's case load 1892:Ellis Island opened to screen immigrants 1893:Grover Cleveland is elected President 1896:The first comic strip appears in Joseph Pulitzer's New York World 1897:Grover Cleveland vetoes literacy bill for immigrants, William McKinley is elected President 1898:Spanish American War, Eugene Debs helps found the Social Democrat party later called the socialist party 1899:Anti-imperialist Party 1900:U.S. forces take part in quelling the Boxer Rebellion in China, "Gentlemen's Agreement" limits Japanese immigration to the U.S. 1901:Theodore Roosevelt is elected President, Emilio Aguinaldo the head of the Philippine revolt is captured 1902:Oregon adopts the initiative and referendum 1904:Construction of Panama Canal begins 1906:Great San Francisco Earthquake leaves 400 dead and 200,000 homeless 1907:United States Battle Fleet "the great white fleet" begins global journey 1908:Ford Motor Companies produce the Model T 1909:William Howard Taft is elected President, NAACP established for equal rights for African Americans 1913:16th Amendment affecting income tax, 17th Amendment affecting direct selection of senators, Woodrow Wilson is elected President, Henry Ford introduces the automated assembly line 1914:WW1 Begins following the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes "Tarzan of the Apes" 1917:United States enters WWI, Jeanette Rankin is the first woman elected to the woman elected to congress 1918:Woodrow Wilson outlines his 14 points for peace, Influenza epidemic claims more than 20 million lives 1919:18th Amendment and prohibition, Treaty of Versailles ends WWi 1920:19th Amendment and women's suffrage, Palmer Raids end in the deportation of 556 immigrants for leftist political sympathies, Panama Canal Opens Paragraph: Progressivism was a major step for democracy due to the fact that there were so many reforms and advances in civilian rights that were emphasized with the 16th through 19th amendments which lead to woman's suffrage and direct selection of senators, but also the drawback of income tax and prohibition. However Imperialism was very anti-democracy due to that the people were taking over other colonies rights. Overall the Progressivism and Imperialism movements were steps for and against democracy. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. President Wilson uses tariff, currency, and anti-trust laws to prime the pump and get the economy working. Digital image. Progressive Era-Wikipedia. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1877:Rutherford B. Hayes elected president, Hayes withdraws last federal troops from the south ending reconstruction 1879:Thomas Edison invents the electric light bulb 1881:James A. Garfield is elected President, and is assassinated, Chester A. Arthur is elected President 1882:Chinese Exclusion act suspends Chinese immigration for 10 years 1883:Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional, Pendleton Act establishes Civil Service Commission, "Buffalo Bill" Cody organizes his first Wild West Show 1884:Mark Twain publishes "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" 1885:Grover Cleveland elected President 1887:Dawes Severalty act limits Indian land and opens the "surplus" land to settlers 1890:Sherman Anti-Trust act, Executions by Electric Chair begin at Auburn State Prison Paragraph: The Gilded Age showed a move from from an agrarian society to an urbanized industrial society. The civil service reforms and the the golden standard were accepted which made these changes more easy. Democracy was not a major emphasis during these times as immigration was given many regulations and there was political corruption. The Gilded Age was a golden era for a few elite but did not have a widespread democratic emphasis. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. A "table d'hote" menu. Digital image. Gilded Age: Information from Answers.com. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1866:First permanent Trans-Atlantic telegraph cable 1867:Russia sells Alaska to the U.S. for $7.2 million, less than 2 cents an acre, 1868:President Johnson Impeached by just one vote on impeachment trial 1869:First Transcontinental Railroad, Ulysses S. Grant is elected President 1870:Hiram R. Revels of Mississippi is the first African American elected to Senate 1871:Great Chicago fire claims 300 lives leaves 100,000 homeless, P.T. Barnum opens his circus which he calls "The Greatest Show on Earth" 1875:First Kentucky Derby, Mary Baker Eddy publishes "Science and Health" the foundation of Christian science, Civil rights act forbids racial segregation in public accomodations 1876:Indians overwhelm General George A. Custer at the battle of Little Bighorn, Mark Twain publishes "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer", Baseball's National League is founded, Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone Paragraph: The Reconstruction Era only followed the rights of democracy by having people aid each other after a tumultuous amount of fighting. The end of the Civil War showed America in a torn state but then the people started to unite in tasks, for instance the transcontinental railroad. The Reconstruction Era was a time of rebuilding and reuniting of the people. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. Carpetbagger. Digital image. Carpetbagger: Definitions from Answers.com. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1860:Abraham Lincoln Elected as President 1861:Confederate states of America Formed, Fort Sumter, Charleston, South Carolina the Civil War begins 1863:Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation 1865:Civil war ends at Appomattox courthouse in Virginia, John Wilkes Booth assassinates Lincoln, Thirteenth amendment abolishing slavery is ratified,14th amendment giving slaves citizenship and equal protection, Mark Twain Publishes his first novel, Andrew Johnson is elected president Paragraph: The Civil War was a very stressful time for the values of Democracy due to the fact that people were fighting violently for their values. The Union and the Confederates both believed in their values but the Confederate was not following the rights of the Constitution and the rights of people. The Union believed that the blacks deserved rights and the Confederates did not think their "property" deserved any rights whatsoever. The Civil war was a very pressing time for the democratic rights of the peoples. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. A confederate and a union soldier facing off. Digital image. Civil War Soldiers Letters and Diaries Database. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1841:William Henry Harrison Elected President (dies), John Taylor takes up roll as President, Poe Publishes first modern detective story "Murders in the Rue Morgue" 1845:James k. Polk is elected president, Henry David Thoreau begins living at Walden Pond 1846:U.S. Declares war on Mexico, Oregon divided along the 49th Parallel, Donner Party sets out from Illinois for California 1848:Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War, First department store opens on Broadway 1849:Zachary Taylor is elected President 1950:Millord Filmore is elected President, Nathanial Hawthorne publishes "The Scarlet Letter, California is admitted as a free state, U.S. Navy outlaws flogging,Compromise of 1850 1951:Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes "Self-Reliance', First American YMCA opens 1853:Franklin Peirce is elected President 1854:Stephen Douglas introduces the Kansas-Nebraska act, Opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska act form the New Republican Party, Commodore Perry negotiates with Japan for Japanese-American trade, Thoreau publishes "Walden" 1857:James Buchanon is elected President 1859:John Browns' raid at Harpers Ferry fails 1860:Pony Express begins carrying mail between Missouri and California, Abraham Lincoln Elected President, South Carolina cedes from the Union Paragraph: The era leading up to the Civil War was a very important time for Democracy due to the civil rights issues as well as the issues with immigration. Segregation within states as well as rising issues with the Kansas-Nebraska act lead to political issues within social and political parties. The Pre-Civil War era has almost as much fighting as the Civil War era except without as much physical violence. Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. A white militia man holding a gun towards a black man (presumedly a slave). Digital image. Blairsville Underground Railroad. Web. 4 Oct. 2009.
1820:Missouri Compromise 1821:Mexico wins independence from Spain 1822:Denmark Vesey's slave conspiracy discovered Vesey and others hanged, 1823:Monroe Doctrine opposes further European colonization of the America's 1825:Erie Canal finished, John Quincy Adams elected President 1827:Jedidiah Smith blazes first overland path to California, Freedoms Journal the first black newspaper is published 1829:Andrew Jackson elected President 1830:Indian Removal act trades Indian homelands for land in OK and AK 1831:Oberlin College opens it's doors as the nations first coeducational college, Nat Turner leads slave insurrection 1832:South Carolina nullifies the Federal Tariff, Jackson vetoes the bill to recharter the second bank of the United States 1835:Texas Revolution to win independence from Mexico begins 1836:Texas Revolution ends 1837:Panic of 1837, Martin Van Buren Elected President 1839:Liberty Party Founded, Charles Goodyear vulcanizes rubber Paragraph: The Jacksonian Era was a time of expansion for the United States while under the Presidency of Andrew Jackson. Jackson also known as 'Old Hickory' was a very tough political figure also called king mob for his populism. New Parties emerged such as the Democrats and the Whigs following new beliefs. Overall the Jacksonian Era was a very new era for development in the United States. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. Andrew Jackson. Digital image. AndyJack. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1800: Mason Locke Weems established cherry tree legend in "Life of Washington", Thomas Jefferson Elected President 1803: Louisiana Purchase, War of France and Britain, Judicial Review of Marbury vs. Madison 1804: VP Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel, and 12th Amendment 1804: Lewis and Clark expedition sets out 1806: Lewis and Clark expedition returns 1807:Seth Thomas and Eli Terry manufacture clocks out of interchangeable parts 1808: Congress Bans the African Slave Trade, James Madison Elected President 1810: Spain cedes Florida to U.S. 1811: Slave Insurrection in LA, Western Indians led by the Shawnee Prophet are defeated at Tippacanoe 1812: Congress Declares War Against Britain 1814 Star Spangled Banner, War Against Britain Seizes, The first fully mechanized factory to manufacture cloth out of raw cotton opens 1815 Andrew Jackson defeats the British at The Battle of New Orleans 1816: James Monroe Elected President 1819:The Savannah is the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean, Supreme Court Protects contracts and the Bank of the United States, an asylum for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind opens 1820: Missouri Compromise 1823: Monroe Doctrine Paragraph: The Jeffersonian Era saw the first election between a Federalist and a Democratic Republican. In addition a flaw in the constitution was shown with a dead tie in voting fixed by James Bayard. This was the first real close election since the constitution making it even more bizarre. This era showed a switch from federalism and a chink in the constitution. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. Thomas Jefferson. Digital image. Thomas Jefferson. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1789:French Revolution Begins, Washington Elected First President of the United States, William Hill Brown Publishes his novel "The Power of Sympathy" 1790:Samuel Slater creates the first Textile Factory in the United States, John Corral becomes the nations first Roman Catholic bishop 1791:Congress Charters a National Bank, Bill of Rights is ratified 1792:Molly Wollstonecraft publishes "Vindication of the rights of Women" 1793:Louis the XVI is Guillotined, Britain and France at war Washington issues Proclamation of Neutrality 1794:General Anthony Wayne defeats the Native Americans at the Battle of Fallen Timbers 1796:Washington issues his Farewell Address 1797:John Adams is elected president 1798:Congress adopts the Alien and Sedition acts, Virginia Resolution determines the Alien and Sedition acts unconstitutional 1799:Kentucky Resolution declares the Alien and Sedition Acts unconstitutional 1800:Thomas Jefferson Elected President, Mason Locke establishes Cherry Tree legend in "Life of Washington" Paragraph: The New Nation was an era of demonstration of the good of the Constitution and lack of British control. Under the tutelage of such figures such as Washington and John Adams the people saw a Bill of Rights added as well as new institutions of the government. The Alien and Sedition Acts although not favorable acts were nonetheless made with democracy as a central doctrine, this was considered a warped meaning however Thomas Jefferson in his election saw the bastardization righted. The New Nation Era was an experimentally time of mixed success for the constitution and democracy. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. Francis Scott Key reaches out towards the flag in "The Star Spangled Banner" by Percy Moran. Digital image. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1787:Constitution meeting convenes in Philadelphia 1788: Constitution is ratified and goes into affect Paragraph: The Constitution was an attempt to establish to democratic rights of the people, as well as to define the powers of offices. In addition the participation of the people in the establishment of the constitution shows the democracy used for democracy sake. The constitution works with the people for the people and is a great example of democracy. In addition the constitution helped shape the way the United States came together and helped keep certain rights accessible. Sources: Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. A bird holding the pillar by the words constitution. Digital image. Social Studies for Kids. ArtToday. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .
1754: French-Indian war begins, Albany congress plans to unite the 13 colonies under a single government 1755: Dr. Samuel Johnson publishes his dictionary of the English Language 1756: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is born, a stagecoach between Philadelphia and New York is established 1759:Cherokee war between Cherokee nations and French settlers begins 1760:Touro Synagogue, the nations first Synagogue, is built in Newport RI, George the II becomes king of England 1761:Cherokee war ends with defeat for the Native Americans, 1763:Chief Pontiac captures forts in Indiana, Michigan, and Wisconson, English act of 1763 forbids settlement west of the Appalachian 1764:Sugar act puts new duties on cloth, coffee, indigo, sugar, and wine, 1765:Representatives from nine colonies convene in the Stamp Act Congress, First medical school is established in Pennsylvania, Quartering act makes it mandatory for colonists to provide barracks to British Troops, Stamp Act put in place 1766:Mastadon bones are discovered along the Ohio River,Robert Roger's play "Ponteach" or "The Savages of America" is published, Parliament repeals the Stamp Act 1767:Daniel Boone begins first exploration west of the Appalachian Mountains, Townshend Duties applies tax to glass, lead, paint, paper, silk, and tea 1770:Towshend tax is repealed except for on tea, 1772:Rhode Islanders burn the British Naval vessel, the Gaspee 1773:Boston "Tea Party", 1774:First Continental Congress Convenes, Mother Ann Lee, founder of the Shakers, arrives 1775:Lexington and Concord "Shot Heard Round the World" is fired, 1776: Thomas Paine publishes "Common Sense" urging separation from England, Adoption of the Declaration of Independence 1781:Cornwallis surrenders to Washington at Yorktown, The States approve the first constitution the "Articles of the Confederation" 1782:Hecter St. John Crevecoeur published "Letters from a Farmer" 1783:Congress Ratifies the Treaty of Paris ending the American Revolution Paragraph: Democracy was the initial force behind the Revolutionary War. The democratic ideas of the people lead them to want to break of their ties with the British following the unfair taxation of their imports and exports such as tea. The unfair taxation without representation lead to the Boston Tea Party and ultimately the revolutionary war as the rights of the colonials were pushed past what they thought was fair following their limited democratic rights. Overall the Revolutionary War was lead by democratic revolutionaries and lead to the founding of the democratic United States in the long run. Sources Digital History. Web. 04 Oct. 2009. Fife and Drum. Digital image. Social Studies for Kids. ArtToday. Web. 4 Oct. 2009. .