Klaus Barbie (October 25, 1913 – September 25, 1991) was a German soldier and Gestapo member. He was known as the Butcher of Lyon.
Klaus Barbie was born in Bad Godesberg, Bonn, to a Catholic family. His parents were both teachers. Until 1923 he went to the school where his father taught. Afterward, he attended a boarding school in Trier. In 1925, his whole family moved to Trier. In 1933, Barbie’s father and brother both died. The death of his hard-drinking and abusive father derailed plans for young Barbie to study theology or otherwise become an academic, as his peers had expected. Unemployed, Barbie began to associate with the Nazi labor service (Reichsarbeitsdienst) and Hitler Youth.
In September 1935, he joined the SD or Sicherheitsdienst (security service), a special branch of the SS. Soon he was sent to serve in the Netherlands. In 1942, he was sent to Dijon and in November of the same year he was sent to Lyon, where he became the head of the local Gestapo.
Hôtel Terminus: The Life and Times of Klaus Barbie French: Hôtel Terminus: Klaus Barbie, sa vie et son temps) is a 1988 documentary film directed by Marcel Ophüls about the life of Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie. The film covers Barbie's relatively innocent childhood, his time with the Gestapo in Lyon (where he apparently excelled at torture), through to the forty years between the end of World War II and his eventual deportation from Bolivia to stand trial for crimes against humanity. The film explores a number of themes, including the nature of evil and the diffusion of responsibility in hierarchical situations.
The film features interviews from both supporters and opponents of Barbie's trial, from journalists to former U.S. Counter Intelligence Corps agents to independent investigators of Nazi war crimes to Barbie's defense attorney. Much of the testimony presented is contradictory: for example, some interviewees allege that Barbie was brought to trial as a figurehead while..., http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0095341