Marvin Lee Minsky (born August 9, 1927) is an American cognitive scientist in the field of artificial intelligence (AI), co-founder of MIT's AI laboratory, and author of several texts on AI and philosophy.
Marvin Minsky was born in New York City, where he attended The Fieldston School and the Bronx High School of Science. He later attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. He served in the US Navy from 1944 to 1945. He holds a BA in Mathematics from Harvard (1950) and a PhD in the same field from Princeton (1954). He has been on the MIT faculty since 1958. He is currently Toshiba Professor of Media Arts and Sciences, and Professor of electrical engineering and computer science.
Minsky won the Turing Award in 1969, the Japan Prize in 1990, the IJCAI Award for Research Excellence in 1991, and the Benjamin Franklin Medal from the Franklin Institute in 2001.
Minsky is listed on Google Directory as one of the all time top four people in the field of artificial intelligence.
The Society of Mind is the book and theory of natural intelligence as written and developed by Marvin Minsky.In a step-by-step process, Minsky constructs a thesis for a way in which human intelligence in all its complexity can be built up, layer by layer, from the interactions of simple parts called agents, who are themselves mindless. He describes the postulated interactions as constituting a "Society of Mind", hence the title.The book, published in 1988, was the first comprehensive description of Minsky's Society of Mind theory, which he began developing in the early 1970s.The book was also made into a CD-ROM version.It is composed of 270 self-contained essays which are divided into 30 general chapters.In the process of explaining his society of mind thesis, Minsky introduces a wide range of ideas and concepts. Minsky develops theories about how processes such as language, memory, and learning work but he also covers concepts such as consciousness, the sense of self, and free will;...,