Thomas Morley (1557 or 1558 – October 1602) was an English composer, theorist, editor and organist of the Renaissance, and the foremost member of the English Madrigal School. He was the most famous composer of secular music in Elizabethan England, and the composer of the only surviving contemporary settings of verse by Shakespeare.
Morley was born in Norwich, in East Anglia, the son of a brewer. Most likely he was a singer in the local cathedral from his boyhood, and he became master of choristers there in 1583. However, Morley evidently spent some time away from East Anglia, for he later referred to the great Elizabethan composer of sacred music, William Byrd, as his teacher; while the dates he studied with Byrd are not known, they were most likely in the early 1570s. In 1588 he received his bachelor's degree from Oxford, and shortly thereafter was employed as organist at St. Paul's in London. His young son died the following year.
The Triumphs of Oriana was a book of madrigals compiled by composer Thomas Morley. The book consists of 25 pieces by 23 different composers; two of the madrigals are written by Morley. The book was published in 1601. It was said to have been made in the honour of Queen Elizabeth I. Every madrigal in the collection contains the couplet; “Thus sang the shepherds and nymphs of Diana: long live Oriana” - the word "Oriana" often being used to refer to Queen Elizabeth.
The Oxford Book of English Madrigals which reproduces several of the pieces from Morley's collection.