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Created by treehuggas
on Nov 16, 2010
Last updated: 11/20/10 at 06:29 PM
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The Russian Revolution was inspired by Marxism and set up a communist-inspired government.
Rail lines were being used in Britain, Europe, and eastern North America.
Many country villages became industrial towns and cities.
Patience Kershaw's testimony influenced laws passed on the employment of children in mines and factories.
Karl Marx, a German philosopher, spread the ideas of communism, form of socialism that sees class struggle between employers and employees as inevitable. He favored the proletariat, or working class, against the bourgeoisie, or middle class.
Many people were visting New Lanark to see Robert Owen's village where he built homes for workers, opened schools for children, and treated employees well.
skilled artisans who were against labor saving machines, called Luddites, held a riot in Manchester. Labor unions were forbidden from then on.
Robert Fulton used Watt's steam engine to power the Clermont up the Hudson River at more than 5 mph.
Jeremy Bentham preached utilitarianism, the idea that the goal of society should be the greatest happiness for the greatest number of its citizens.
Abraham Darby III improved on his grandfathers methods and made the world's first cast iron bridge.
James Hargreaves invented the spinning jenny that spun many threads at the same time.
John Wesley founded the Methodist Church which prommised followers forgiveness or sins and a better life to come.
Thomas Newcomen developed a steam engine powered by coal to pump water out of mines.
Abraham Darby began to use coal instead of wood to smelt iron
Improvements in local systems of transportation were established such as turnpikes, privately built roads that charged a fee to travelers who used them.
Europe's population rose from 120 million to about 190 million due to declined death rates.
British farmers began to use the method of crop rotation.
Robert Bakewell began to breed stronger horses for farmwork and fatter cattle for meat.
Charles "Turnip" Townshend urged farmers to plant turnips because they restored exhausted soil.
Dutch build earthern walls called dikes that reclaim land from the sea. They also combined smaller fields with larger ones and used fertilizer from the livestock.
Cotton from India became popular and British merchants developed the putting out system.
The agricultural revolution takes place and more advanced farming tools and methods are developed.
Rich landowners push ahead enclosure, taking over and fencing off land shared by peasant farmers.